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Clinical Trial Summary

Endometriosis is a common condition with an incidence of approximately 10% of all women in the fertile phase. Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) has been shown to be associated with high morbidity. A retrospective study of 700 patients has shown lower urinary tract involvement in up to 52.6% of cases with DIE. In most studies, the bladder is cited as the most common site of DIE in the urinary tract, with the ureter being the second most common lesion site. In cases of ureteral endometriosis, a procedure called ureterolysis is essential because complete resection of the endometriosis is necessary to resolve or prevent renal obstruction. In addition, ureterolysis is obligatory in the context of dissection of endometriosis involving the rectovaginal septum, sacrouterine ligaments, or rectum. Ureterolysis is the process of freeing the ureter from both endometriotic nodules as a therapeutic procedure and from physiologic surrounding tissue and structures for complete visualization. Because ureterolysis is a high-risk procedure for ureteral lesions, alternatives are desirable. ICG is a fluorescent dye that has been used for decades for various indications, including retinal angiography, determination of tissue viability, and testing of cardiac and liver function. It has gained an important role in intraoperative visualization of tissue perfusion as well as sentinel lymph nodes in tumor surgery. ICG has also been used and described for ureteral imageability. However, these studies included small populations of 10-30 patients. None of the aforementioned studies have investigated the imageability of the ureters in endometriosis and with regard to a possible reduction in the need for ureteral dissection. The investigators perform a cystoscopy with a retrograde injection of ICG in both ureters. ICG and thus the ureters are visualized during laparoscopy by near-infrared light contained in our camera systems. The additional use of fluorescence imaging of the ureters with ICG injected into the ureters during laparoscopic resection of deep infiltrating endometriosis is intended to improve visualization of the ureters and thus may prevent complete ureterolysis, which is considered a high-risk procedure. It is a safe procedure as ICG has been shown to have an excellent safety profile. The aim of the study is to prove the feasibility of ureteral visualization using intraureteral ICG in 2D laparoscopy for women with deep infiltrating endometriosis by means of near-infrared fluorescence imaging of the ureters. In our secondary endpoints the investigators want to describe the duration time of ICG injection, the duration until visualization of the ureters, the detection rate of fluorescing ureters after ICG-injection, the duration until maximum fluorescence is achieved, the duration until the ureters can no longer be displayed, the length of performed ureterolysis in centimeters and the safety of intraureteral ICG injection.


Clinical Trial Description

Endometriosis is a common illness with an incidence of about 10% of all premenopausal women. Deep infiltrative endometriosis is associated with high morbidity. The resection of deep infiltrative endometriosis may be risky because of the nearby located anatomical structures such as blood vessels, nerves, intestine and ureters, which are exposed for a lesion, especially if involved in the endometriosis. The most common lesions in gynecological surgery are those of the urinary tract. A retrospective study including 213 patients with DIE has shown an affection of the lower urinary tract in DIE in up to 52.6% of cases. Most studies list the bladder as the most common site of urinary tract DIE, with the ureter as the second most common lesion site. In the cases of ureteric endometriosis, an ureterolysis is indispensable as the complete resection of the endometriotic lesions is necessary to resolve or prevent kidney congestion. In addition, the ureterolysis is mandatory in the course of dissection of endometriotic nodules affecting the rectovaginal septum, the sacrouterine ligaments or the rectum. Speaking from ureterolysis the investigators include the procedure of freeing the ureter both from endometriotic nodules as a therapeutic procedure and from physiological surrounding tissue and structures for full visualization. Since the ureterolysis consists in a high-risk procedure for ureteral lesions, alternatives are desirable. Ureteral injuries are among the most feared complications, as they can result in serious consequences such as leakage of urine into the abdomen, congestion of the ureter or kidney and loss of function of the kidney in question. In case of severe ureteral injury, it must be reimplanted in the bladder or an anastomosis must be performed; if this is not possible, a nephrostomy, i.e. direct drainage of urine from the kidney to the outside through the skin, may be necessary. An early diagnosis and possibly already intraoperative therapy by means of suture, insertion of double j catheter or other, is crucial for the prognosis of the ureter and the kidney. Until now, the preoperative ureteral stent placement has in many hospitals been the standard method for ureteral identification and avoidance of injuries in patients with DIE and imaging-proven involvement of the urinary tract. However, these stents often lead to pain, dysuria and haematuria during the wearing period, which usually lasts several weeks. In gynecologic surgery there is no evidence for the prophylactic ureteral stent placement in order to avoid ureteral injuries. The investigators investigate if ICG helps to visualize the ureter in laparoscopic operations for deep infiltrating endometriosis and possibly could help prevent complete ureterolysis and thus reducing the risk of lesions to the ureter. ICG is a fluorescent dye that has been used since 1956 for various indications including retinal angiography, determination of tissue viability, and cardiac and hepatic function testing. It can be used intravenously to visualize vascularization with near-infrared imaging. In the last decade, it has gained an important role in intraoperative visualization of sentinel lymph nodes in tumor surgery and tissue perfusion. ICG has already been used and described for the visualization of the ureters. However, these trials included small populations of 10-30 patients. None of the studies mentioned has investigated the visualization of the ureters in the case of endometriosis and with regard to possibly reducing the necessity of ureteral dissection. The investigators will perform a retrograde injection of ICG in the ureters during a cystoscopy. ICG and thus the ureters are visualized in laparoscopy through near-infrared light, which is included in our camera systems. The additional use of fluorescence imaging of the ureters with ICG injected into the ureters during a laparoscopic resection of DIE is supposed to improve the visualization of the ureters and therefore may prevent a complete ureterolysis, considered as a high-risk procedure. It's a safe intervention, as ICG has been shown to have an excellent security profile. Allergic reactions, which usually consist of anaphylaxis, have been described extremely rarely. The intraureteral application of ICG has been used clinically and been applied in studies. To date there have been no reports of iatrogenic ureteral injury, perioperative complications or side-effects in patients undergoing the procedure of intraureteral ICG administration. Therefore, the risk of the ureteral administration of ICG is minimal. However, the investigators consider the benefit of a better visualization of the ureters in laparoscopic operations for deep infiltrating endometriosis as substantial. The aim of the study is to prove the feasibility of ureteral visualization using intraureteral ICG in 2D laparoscopy for women with deep infiltrating endometriosis by means of near-infrared fluorescence imaging of the ureters. In our secondary endpoints the investigators want to describe the duration time of ICG injection, the duration until visualization of the ureters, the detection rate of fluorescing ureters after ICG-injection, the duration until maximum fluorescence is achieved, the duration until the ureters can no longer be displayed, the length of performed ureterolysis in centimeters and the safety of intraureteral ICG injection. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05206279
Study type Interventional
Source University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
Contact Cloé J Vaineau, MD
Phone +41797165065
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date July 2022
Completion date July 2024

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