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Clinical Trial Summary

To determine effectiveness of breathing exercises for pregnant women during the second stage of labor on maternal pain, duration of labor, dyspnea, oxygen saturation (SPO2) and the first-minute Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration (APGAR) scores

Clinical Trial Description

This study is about to determine effectiveness of breathing exercises for pregnant women during the second stage of labor on maternal pain, duration of labor, dyspnea, oxygen saturation SPO2 and the first-minute Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity and Respiration (APGAR) scores.

Two sessions will be given to pregnant women in Intervention group. One session breathing exercises training will be given during first stage of labor by the investigator. During training all participants in Intervention group will be instructed to perform breathing exercises during the second stage of labor. The main components of breathing exercises during training will be as fellows (A) First, fill your stomach and then your lungs with air while breathing in; (B) Feel the expansion in the stomach; (C) Make sure the muscles from your stomach to your knee are relaxed, as if you are urinating while breathing out; (D) When there is pain, perform deep abdominal breathing exercises, and take a deep breath in and hold as much as you can; (E) Try to push the baby downward; (F) You can do it by holding your breath or breathing out quite slowly from your mouth; (G) The most important point in this stage is that you should not fill up the stomach with air, and you should push downward to deliver the baby; (H) You should continue the pushing until the pain is relieved. The participants will be observed during second stage of labor and their breathing will be monitored.

1. During the second stage of labor maternal labor pain will be assessed by Visual Analogue Scale.

2. Duration of second stage of labor will be counted by turning on the stop watch on the start of second stage and it will be stopped at the end when baby will be delivered.

3. Dyspnea will be monitored by dyspnea scale after performing breathing exercises during second stage of labor.

4. Oxygen saturation will be monitored by pulse oximeter during second stage of labor.

5. APGAR score of newborn will be marked in 1st minute after the birth. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04556643
Study type Interventional
Source Riphah International University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date January 15, 2020
Completion date September 1, 2020

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