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Clinical Trial Summary

Periodontitis is a major oral health problem which leads to the progressive destruction of periodontal ligament and alveolar bone with pocket formation, recession or both. The ultimate goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate the lost periodontal tissue. The most common form of regenerative periodontal therapy is the use of bone grafts which stimulate bone formation by the processes of osteoinduction and osteoconduction.

Statins are a group of lipid lowering drugs which inhibit bone resorption by inhibition of the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase. They also stimulate new bone formation by local stimulation of BMP-2, a major bone growth regulatory factor. They also have anti-inflammatory and anti oxidant properties.

Very few studies exist evaluating the beneficiary effects of grafts if combined with the statins which might enhance the regeneration by bone grafts.

Hence, the present study was carried out in an attempt to comparatively evaluate clinically and radiologically, the efficacy of atorvastatin gel as an adjunct to allograft in the treatment of intrabony defects.

Clinical Trial Description

A total of 26 intrabony defects in patients with chronic periodontitis as diagnosed by radiographs, were selected for the study after taking an informed consent. The selected sites were randomized in 2 treatment groups.

Group I - sites were treated with allograft (DFDBA) Group II - sites were treated with allograft (DFDBA) in combination with Atorvastatin gel.

Clinical parameters like probing depth and clinical attachment level and radiological assessment of intrabony defect fill were done at baseline and 3 and 6 months postoperatively. ;

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03009097
Study type Interventional
Source Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences
Status Completed
Phase Phase 4
Start date April 2013
Completion date August 2014

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