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Clinical Trial Summary

This study aimed to examine the effects of single and dual-task training on physical function, cognitive function, quality of life, balance, concerns about falling, and activities of daily living in the elderly with age-related hearing loss. The elderly who were diagnosed with age-related hearing loss in Pamukkale University Health, Practice and Research Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology participated in the study. The elderly were allocated a single-task training group, dual-task training group, and control group. Thirteen patients in the single-task training group, 15 patients in the dual-task training group, 14 patients in the control group completed the study. Degrees of hearing loss were determined by pure tone audiometry. Evaluations, Senior Fitness Test, Montreal Cognitive Assessment, World Health Organization- Quality of Life- Old Module, Berg Balance Scale, Falls Efficacy Scale International, Functional Independence Measure, Dual Task Questionnaire, Dual Task Effect, were performed initially, after the interventions and at the 6th month. The interventions were carried out two days a week and 40 minutes, for five weeks.

Clinical Trial Description

Outcome Measures Physical function, cognitive function, auditory function, quality of life, balance, concerns about falling, independence in activities of daily living, and dual-task performance were evaluated. Older adults were evaluated initially, after the dual-task and single-task training, and at 6th month for long-term control. All evaluations and interventions were carried out in an isolated and quiet environment in the examination room of the Department of Otorhinolaryngology. Interventions A special program including motor and cognitive tasks was prepared. Both lower and upper extremity motor tasks and verbal, arithmetic, auditory, and visual cognitive tasks were planned based on evidence. Tasks were completed at the same time in the dual-task training group, were completed separately in the single-task training group. No intervention was performed in the control group. The dual-task and single-task training were held 2 days a week, 40 minutes, for a total of 10 sessions for 5 weeks. A patient-appropriate task was selected for each cognitive task each week. It has been tried to prevent the learning effect by providing individual and weekly progress according to the patients' performance in the tasks in the motor and cognitive parts. Variable priority instructions were used in the dual-task training group, and fixed priority instructions were used in the single-task training group. At the beginning and end of the intervention programs, 7 types of warm-up and cool-down exercises involving large muscle groups were performed for 10-minutes. Each task in the intervention programs was performed for 60 seconds and/or 10 repetitions. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05190081
Study type Interventional
Source Pamukkale University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date September 1, 2019
Completion date March 1, 2021

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