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Clinical Trial Summary

The current study addresses the gap in equity in mental health education for adolescents of color in South Los Angeles. Particularly, the focus is on developing, testing and evaluating the feasibility and youth responsiveness of a curriculum reflecting the main principles/concepts of the framework of "Youth Participatory Action Research" and general mental health outcomes for adolescents living in a context of poverty and significant inequities.

Clinical Trial Description

In order to effectively prevent mental distress and promote well-being for youth of color in urban contexts with significant health inequities and mental health stigma, more innovative and participatory models are critical. Youth participatory action research (YPAR), is a framework outlining engagement of youth with researchers more equitably as co-constructors of knowledge and promoting positive development of core competencies in youth to foster their growth as change agents. YPAR is especially valuable for youth of color, to build competencies (e.g., critical consciousness, research and advocacy skills) critical for tackling health inequities and systems change. The proposed study will be conducted in partnership with the Community Healing and Trauma Prevention Center (CHTPC), a community grass roots organization of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, charged with designing educational and creative spaces for prevention and healing of trauma in the community, with youth positive development as one of its key priorities. Guided by YPAR, this mixed-method, pre-post evaluation study will develop a YPAR-Mental Health (MH) curriculum and evaluate its feasibility, youth responsiveness, and association with positive youth developmental outcomes related to YPAR and mental health with youth of color (ages 14-17) from high schools in South Los Angeles (SPA-6). The study will comprise two phases: Phase 1 - Development and Refinement of YPAR-MH Curriculum, and Phase 2 - Pilot Testing, Implementation and Evaluation of YPAR-MH Curriculum. During phase 1, a team of the PI, CDU graduate students, King/Drew Magnet High School students, and CHTPC staff will develop the curriculum. Input for refinement of the curriculum will be offered by a team of youth experts, including: a) community youth advocates, b) clinical psychologist with youth mental health expertise, and c) community psychologist with YPAR expertise. A set of four focus groups will be conducted with youth (4-6 youth per focus group, 14-17 years of age) to further improve the curriculum to assure "youth responsiveness". During phase 2, a total of 20 youth will participate in the pilot testing of the YPAR-MH curriculum. After further refining the curriculum given lessons learned from the pilot testing, a total of 50 youth will participate in the finalized curriculum implementation. A pre-post curriculum survey will be conducted for all youth. Additionally, a set of four focus groups with youth participating in the finalized curriculum will be conducted to evaluate their qualitative experiences, satisfaction with curriculum, and learning of curriculum material. There are two specific aims, objectives and hypotheses which will be tested: Specific Aim 1: To develop and refine a YPAR-MH curriculum, guided by youth community, research, and clinical experts. Four focus groups will be conducted with a maximum total of 24 youth to assess the youth responsiveness of the curriculum. A qualitative thematic analysis of the focus group data will be conducted and the findings will be used to further refine the curriculum. Specific Aim 2: To finalize and evaluate the curriculum with a pre-post survey and focus groups. Objective 1: Conduct pilot testing of curriculum with 20 youth to further improve and finalize curriculum. Objective 2: Implement the finalized curriculum with 50 youth and examine the change in youth outcomes pre to post curriculum based on evaluation survey and four focus groups. Hypothesis 2a: Youth will experience a significant positive improvement from pre to post curriculum for YPAR related outcomes: critical consciousness, research self-efficacy, and ethnic/racial identity. Hypothesis 2b: Youth will experience a modest positive improvement from pre to post curriculum for mental health related outcomes: anxiety and depression, stress, and resilience. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04554420
Study type Interventional
Source Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science
Status Withdrawn
Phase N/A
Start date February 2024
Completion date June 2024

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