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Clinical Trial Summary

The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of focused Li-ESWT on 25 participants complaining of ED compared to 25 participants complaining of ED on medical treatment on a prospective clinical trial for 12 weeks.

Clinical Trial Description

Penile erection is a very complex process which requires a delicate and coordinated equilibrium among the neurological, vascular and the tissue compartments. It also includes arterial dilation, trabecular smooth muscle relaxation, and activation of the corporeal veno occlusive mechanism.Erectile dysfunction is defined as persistent inability to achieve or maintain the erection that is sufficient to permit satisfactory sexual intercours. It has a multifactorial pathogenesis, one of them is vasculogenic ED that occurs due to diseases such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking, or vascular occlusive disease. ED is also the most commonly treated sexual disorder and it affects approximately 20% of adult males over the age of 20. Nowadays, there are several treatment solutions for patients with ED, either non-invasive or invasive but the phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors are still the first-line therapy for ED. However, PDE5-Is effect is limited due to their inability to improve penile blood flow for a time period that is sufficient to allow optimal oxygenation and recovery of Cavernosal vasculature. Also, they cannot improve spontaneous erections. Moreover, several patients ranging from 40% to 50% will not respond to drug therapy even after optimization approaches such as treatment combinations have been implemented. Also, it was proven that the effect of long-term daily use of PDE5-Is on endothelial function has induced a short-term improvement in erectile function but probably not a longstanding one. Another option for ED patients is the use of intracavernosal injections which is considered the second line of treatment. Although PDE5-Is and intracavernosal injections are effective and safe vasodilating agents, they are unable to alter the underlying predominant pathology in patients with vasculogenic ED (eg, cavernosal artery insufficiency). Other options include the use of intraurethral injections, or vacuum constrictive devices that could serve as salvage therapy for patients who failed to respond to PDE5-Is. If the previous options failed or not preferred by the patient, penile prosthesis implantation would be the last resort treatment for ED. Many trials were done to find a new treatment modality that would provide a rehabilitative or curative effect for ED. This modality should affect the endothelial function and improve penile hemodynamics. One of these modalities was low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05199727
Study type Interventional
Source Menoufia University
Contact HOSAM KOTB, master
Phone 01022707580
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 1, 2021
Completion date May 2022

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