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Clinical Trial Summary

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally, and older African Americans (AAs) living in rural areas are disproportionately affected by this healthcare problem. The investigators propose conducting a mixed-methods study to gain information about CVD-related knowledge, perceptions regarding CVD-related healthcare needs, preferences and access barriers, and cultural aspects within this population. The information will be used in tailoring an existing intervention to meet those needs and preferences and evaluate its feasibility among older AAs living in rural Alabama. This study will lay a foundation for developing a federal grant application and a line of independent research by this early-stage investigator.

Clinical Trial Description

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Older populations are inherently more vulnerable to such conditions. Older African American (AA) populations living in rural areas are disproportionately affected by CVD, which has been shown to cause an increased risk for mortality in this population. Evidence suggests using lifestyle Physical activity programs to prevent CVD risk factors, which can decrease the morbidity and mortality rates associated with these health conditions. There are limited resources and healthcare services available to these populations, especially those living in Alabama's black belt. Therefore, this research project proposes conducting a phased mixed-methods study to collect data from rural AA older adults. These data are the critical first step towards developing a culturally sensitive, accessible, and acceptable intervention that addresses their needs and risk factors, incorporates their preferences, and mitigates identified barriers, which will be tested for feasibility and acceptability in this pilot study. The aims for this study are Aim 1: Through survey and interviews, assess: i) the knowledge and perceptions of AA older adults living in rural Alabama regarding CVD-related risk factors; ii) the needs/existing resources and access barriers for a community-based physical activity program; iii) the perceptions about a proposed intervention and its components, method of delivery, time/effort, and incentives; and iv) the cultural preferences regarding recruitment strategies, treatment strategies, and incentives. Aim2a: Based on the findings of Aim 1, develop a PA program for improving CVD-related risk factors among older AA populations living in rural Alabama. Aim2b: To examine the feasibility and acceptability of delivering a PA program (developed in Aim 2a) among the older AA populations living in rural Alabama. The enhanced program would enable AA older populations to prevent and manage CVD-related risk factors. It will also help in filling the gap of health disparity between AAs and other ethnicities. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04866732
Study type Interventional
Source University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
Contact Mudasir Andrabi, Ph D
Phone 4432045623
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date July 2021
Completion date July 30, 2022

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