There are about 3 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Mayotte. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
To date, the effects of SARS-Cov-2 (Covid-19) on the myocardium and the role it plays in the evolution towards an acute myocarditis are badly understood. The current pandemic of this emerging virus is an opportunity to assess the proportion of acute myocarditis attributable to SARS-Cov-2(Covid-19) and to assess the clinical, biological and imaging presentations, by means of a national prospective multicentre hospital registry of cases of acute myocarditis.
Leptospirosis is a globally distributed neglected tropical disease affecting subtropical and tropical areas, such as the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean, with favorable climatic conditions for disease transmission. It shows a strong seasonality, with epidemic potential especially after heavy rainfall. A recent systematic review by Costa et al. (2015) places leptospirosis among the leading zoonotic causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with 1.03 million cases and 58,900 deaths each year. Leptospirosis is an important public health problem, particularly within economically vulnerable populations. It is also emerging as a health threat in new settings due to globalization and climate change. Disasters and extreme weather events are recognized to precipitate epidemics. Clinical manifestations are highly polymorphic, ranging from an anicteric, influenza-like form to severe forms with hepato-renal or pulmonary failures which are associated with high mortality. Antibiotic therapy should be prescribed early, as soon as leptospirosis is suspected and preferably within the first 5 days, before leptospira spread to the tissues. In the treatment of mild forms, usual antibiotics are oral amoxicillin or doxycycline for a standard treatment duration of 7 days. In hospitalized cases of leptospirosis, parenteral antibiotic therapy with ceftriaxone is often favored as first-line therapy. The most widely used antibiotics in the French Caribbean and Indian Ocean regions are amoxicillin, doxycyclin and third generation cephalosporins such as ceftriaxone. Research hypothesis: The effects of shorter antibiotic therapy periods for other infectious diseases have been explored by several authors. The efficacy of short ceftriaxone treatment has been highlighted for typhoid fever or meningococcal meningitis. In a retrospective series of 21 cases, the interest of short treatment periods (3-6 days) for mild and severe leptospirosis has also been described. A minimal 3-day therapy period would seem necessary in order to biologically confirm leptospirosis diagnosis and to rule out other community-acquired infections. Our study proposal is the conduct of a non-inferiority trial comparing a shortened antibiotic therapy period of 3 days with the standard treatment period of 7 days in patients with mild leptospirosis and seen at the hospital in 5 French overseas departments (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guiana, Reunion, Mayotte). Originality and innovative aspects: To our knowledge, the efficacy of a 3-day antibiotic therapy for mild leptospirosis, as compared to the standard 7 day period, has not yet been explored. In addition, the LEPTO3 study will be among the first clinical trials to focus on the endemic public health problem, which is leptospirosis, at a large geographical level (Caribbean and Indian Ocean regions) and to involve a high level of collaboration between medical and scientific teams of these territories.
Study design. The study FRAGIREA is a multicentric prevalence study on the frequency of frailty among elderly patients and the quality of management. The voluntary ICUs will have to include all patients ≥ 70 years on a limited period (1 month) or until the number of 15 inclusions is reached. The frailty is going to be evaluated by a frailty score adapted to the ICU, based on informations given by the patient's family. It is a descriptive non-interventional study, aiming at the description of frequency of frailty and management of the patient in order to set-up a prospective future study on the potential role of early rehabilitation of ageing patients in ICUs.