There are about 4 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Djibouti. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The purpose of this study is to compare a single dose of rifaximin with loperamide to the current standard approach of single dose azithromycin with loperamide for the treatment of acute watery traveler's diarrhea (TD). The study requires 1) taking a single dose antibiotic plus loperamide to treat TD, 2) providing blood and stool samples at different time points to evaluate infection and immune responses, 3) completing a daily symptom diary following treatment, 4) being seen by the study doctor to monitor illness and recovery, and 5) completing a brief electronic questionnaire at 3 months. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups. The two groups are 1) rifaximin 550 mg as a single dose with loperamide 4 mg initially followed by 2 mg after each unformed stool or 2) azithromycin 500 mg as a single dose with loperamide 4 mg initially followed by 2 mg after each unformed stool. Both groups will take the antibiotic dose and 4 mg of loperamide.
This treatment protocol is designed to provide convalescent plasma as a therapeutic option for patients diagnosed with and hospitalized for COVID-19 with symptoms ranging from mild to life-threatening.
Disease caused by 2019 Novel Coronavirus also known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
The purpose of the trial is to develop the evidence on relative efficacy of 3 available single-dose loperamide adjuncted regimens for watery diarrhea and a single-dose regimen, with and without loperamide, for dysentery/febrile diarrhea required for informing decisions among these regimens. Information from this study will be used to develop management guidelines for the diagnosis and management of travelers' diarrhea (TD) among deployed United States and United Kingdom military personnel.