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Clinical Trial Summary

One third of individuals aged >60 years will be diagnosed with at least one renal cyst following abdominal imaging. These cystic lesions are categorized according to the Bosniak classification which categorizes cysts according to their degree of complexity and risk of malignancy. Growing evidence suggests that a significant proportion of Bosniak III and IV cysts are benign and that the malignant ones present low metastatic potential. Since renal surgery carries substantial morbidity (20%) and potential mortality (0.5%), active surveillance has gained attention as a potential tradeoff to surgery to overcome overtreatment. Therefore, prospective studies of long-term follow-up are needed to confirm the oncologic safety of this strategy for patients with Bosniak III/IV cysts. This is an multicenter prospective observational longitudinal study. The main objective is to compare the 5-year follow-up cancer-specific survival between the active surveillance and the surgical groups.

Clinical Trial Description

Background: One in three patients over 60 years old will be diagnosed with a renal cyst following abdominal imaging. Traditionally, experts have recommended that complex cystic lesions (also known as Bosniak III - IV cysts) should be surgically removed, but recent evidences suggest that many are benign or have low metastatic potential. Thus, active surveillance which involves close follow-up of a patient's condition, was proposed as a tradeoff option to surgery. Design: Multicenter observational longitudinal prospective cohort study Objectives: The goal of this multicenter project is to conduct a prospective study with a 5-year follow-up to confirm the oncologic outcomes of active surveillance in the management of complex cysts. The main objectives are: 1) to compare the 5-year cancer specific survival between cysts managed by surgery and active surveillance; 2) to evaluate disease progression; 3) to evaluate patient's well-being according to each management strategy; and 4) to compare the 5-year healthcare cost of both management approaches. Study population: Patients incidentally diagnosed with a Bosniak III and/or IV cysts, who are deemed to have at least 5 years of life, and who opted to be managed by either surgery or active surveillance. (N=330) Follow-up: Patients will DECIDE if they want to have a surgery or to be followed by active surveillance. All patients will be followed as per standard of care with either semi-annual and annual visits. Research visits will serve to assess vital status and quality of life scores (through validated questionnaires). Patients on active surveillance will also be assessed for cyst progression and might be offered invasive or systemic therapy if progression is observed. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04558593
Study type Observational
Source Université de Sherbrooke
Contact Amelie Tetu
Phone 819-346-1110
Status Recruiting
Start date February 2, 2021
Completion date September 20, 2031

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Recruiting NCT01353521 - Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound for the Evaluation of Complex Renal Cysts N/A