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Clinical Trial Summary

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of death in the Western world. It can be effectively prevented by removal of pre-malignant polyps (polypectomy) during colonoscopy. Large (≥20mm) non-pedunculated colorectal polyps (LNPCPs) represent 2-3% of colorectal polyps, and require special attention prior to treatment. If submucosal invasion (SMI) is suspected careful decision making is required to exclude features which unacceptably increase the risk of lymph node metastases and render local treatment (endoscopic) non-curative. Such patients require a multi-disciplinary approach and consideration of surgery +/- systemic therapy. Recently the endoscopic imaging characteristics which precisely determine the risk of SMI within colon polyps have been elucidated. This suggests endoscopic imaging may be the ideal investigation to stratify the presence and extent of SMI within LNPCP, particularly as it can be applied in real-time at the time of planned endoscopic treatment. Unfortunately, current classification systems are complex, require extensive training and technology not available in the majority of non-tertiary hospitals. They are therefore underused leading to incorrect decision making and negative patient outcome (e.g piecemeal resection without the chance of endoscopic cure or unnecessary further procedures in referral centres with resultant surgery anyway or surgery for benign disease) A simple clinical support tool was created, based on well-established parameters (i.e., presence of a demarcated area within a polyp, size of the polyp, Paris classification, location within the colon and granularity) to identify OVERT (visible on the surface) and COVERT (hidden) submucosal invasion (SMI) within LNPCPs. Crucially this tool only uses what is reproducible in the majority of endoscopy units in the Western world (i.e. standard magnification, no extra chromic dyes etc). predict SMI within LNPCPs and we translated it into a single web-based clinical support tool that can be used by every endoscopist (expert and non-expert). To evaluate the tool, a survey will be send to participants. The survey consist of a 10-minute educational video where the use of the tool will be explained. Then 20 standardised videos of LNPCPs will be shown. Participants are first asked about their first impression regarding the presence of SMI. Then they are redirected to the web-based tool. After filling the required data from a standardised video (45 seconds to minute, no focus on one particular area of the polyp) the score generated by our tool is copied to the participants computer clipboard and then pasted in the survey so that we could analyse it.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05191095
Study type Observational
Source University Hospital, Ghent
Status Completed
Start date March 1, 2021
Completion date June 1, 2021

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