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Clinical Trial Summary

The European Commission Horizon 2020 programme has funded the SCD-WELL trial to investigate the efficacy of mindfulness-based training to reduce anxiety in individuals with Subjective Cognitive Decline (SCD), in comparison to an active comparison condition. It is increasingly recognized that most neuropathological processes start years before the onset of clinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hence, there is a growing urgency to target individuals in the earliest stages for intervention when neurodegeneration is still limited. Individuals clinically judged to have SCD, defined by subjectively experienced cognitive decline but normal performance on cognitive tests, are at increased risk for future cognitive decline and AD. These individuals with SCD currently have no established treatment options. Symptoms of anxiety have high prevalence in this population, and evidence from recent longitudinal research links anxiety with significantly accelerated cognitive decline in at risk individuals. Effectively reducing anxiety in this population may therefore not only relieve participants from burdensome symptoms, but may also slow cognitive decline and delay or prevent the onset of AD. The investigators chose to study the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention to reduce anxiety in this population because this type of intervention has been shown to reduce anxiety in a number of populations, including in older adults. Further, accumulating evidence indicates that intensive mindfulness training effectively down-regulates a number of other adverse psychological and biological risk factors for AD, such as stress, depression, insomnia, feelings of loneliness and social exclusion, and cardiovascular risk factors. These findings are relevant to AD because approximately a third of AD cases worldwide might be attributable to potentially modifiable risk factors. In spite of the increased use of mindfulness-based interventions to treat clinical symptoms, these trials often suffer from the lack of an adequate comparison condition and lack of follow up to know whether initial benefits are maintained.

Clinical Trial Description

SCD-WELL includes both an active comparison condition and a 16-week follow up assessment after the end of the intervention. SCD-WELL is a non-CTIMP European multicentre, observer-blinded, randomized, controlled, superiority trial with two parallel groups, which compares anxiety and additional behavioural and biological outcomes amongst people with SCD who receive mindfulness-based training and those who receive a health education comparison intervention. Outcomes will be measured at baseline, post-intervention and 16 weeks after the end of the intervention. 160 older-adult patients diagnosed with SCD will be recruited to the study from memory clinics at four sites in Europe: London, UK; Cologne, Germany; Barcelona, Spain; Lyon, France where they will have sought help due to concern about their memory. Participants will be recruited in two waves over a maximum two-year period and will be provided with a participant information sheet, and asked to consider their participation. Should they wish to participate, and after a signed and dated Informed Consent Form has been obtained, a unique participant identification (ID) will be assigned to the participant. Behavioural assessments will take place at baseline, after the intervention, and 16 weeks after the end of the intervention. Because we believe that mindfulness-based training has the potential to affect a number of areas of life we will also look at changes in other areas of psycho-affective symptoms, social functioning, awareness, well being and quality of life, sleep quality, and cognition, after the intervention and 16 weeks after the end of the intervention. Validated neuropsychological tests and behavioural questionnaires were selected for their sensitivity to the domains listed above. These measures will be completed alone by the participant or in the presence of a psychometrist. Questionnaires will also be completed by partners at the three time points to coincide with assessments of participants. Blood samples will be taken at the memory clinic by certified phlebotomists at baseline, after the intervention and during follow-up to measure genetic markers of risk for AD as well as proteomic markers of stress and AD that may be affected by this intervention. Information will also be collected about the medical care of the participant. Trained facilitators will deliver both interventions. Both interventions follow a manual, are group-based, include at-home activities, and are 8 weeks in duration. Both interventions provide individuals with sustainable skills that remain beyond the intervention period. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03005652
Study type Interventional
Source Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date April 21, 2017
Completion date September 18, 2018

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