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Clinical Trial Summary

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder characterized by bronchial inflammation and reversible bronchial obstruction. Severe asthma is an extremely heterogeneous disease, often associated with several comorbidities and risk factors. Severe uncontrolled asthma associated with bronchiectasis is an emerging phenotype. Several studies have attempted to establish an association between asthma and bronchiectasis. Mepolizumab, an Interleukin-5 (IL-5) antagonist, reduces exacerbations, eosinophils, and improves pulmonary function and asthma control. IL-5 is pivotal to eosinophils maturation and release from bone marrow, their subsequent accumulation, activation and persistence in the tissues. IL-5 therefore represents an attractive target to prevent or blunt eosinophils-mediated inflammation. The investigators hypothesize that eosinophils, stimulated by IL-5, play a crucial role in severe asthma and BE pathogenesis.


Clinical Trial Description

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder in which bronchial inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, and reversible bronchial obstruction are operant, inciting daily symptoms and triggering unpredictable acute exacerbations. The prevalence of severe asthma varies between 5 and 10% of asthma frameworks and is estimated to account for >60% of the total costs of the disease. Severe asthma warrants Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) Step 4 or 5 treatment, (e.g. high-dose Inhaled Corticosteroids/Long Acting Beta2-Agonists (ICS/LABA), to achieve control or remains 'uncontrolled' (entirely or in part) despite this or other appropriate therapeutic intervention. Severe asthma is an extremely heterogeneous disease, often associated with several comorbidities and risk factors, leading to divide accordingly severe asthmatic patients into homogenous groups. The result is the identification of several phenotypes of severe asthma, as those associated with obesity, smoking habit, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD), chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyposis, infections and others. In recent years, the recognition and treatment of comorbidities is crucial because can potentially improve asthma control and outcomes. Severe uncontrolled asthma associated with bronchiectasis is an emerging phenotype. Several studies have attempted to establish an association between asthma and bronchiectasis. The prevalence of bronchiectasis (BE) is significantly higher in severe asthma (range 24-40%), then in milder disease (3%). At least one third of patients with severe asthma show the presence of BE on high resolution chest computed tomography (HRCT) scan. This phenotype has been described particularly in patients with severe, late-onset eosinophilic asthma. In order to improve the therapeutic approach to the more severe forms of asthma, biological treatments have been realized. Recently, mepolizumab, an IL-5 antagonist, was commercialized. Mepolizumab reduces exacerbations, eosinophils, and improves pulmonary function and asthma control. There is a considerable evidence that implicates eosinophils as important effector cells in the eosinophilic asthma inflammation. IL-5 is pivotal to eosinophils maturation and release from bone marrow, their subsequent accumulation, activation and persistence in the tissues. IL-5 therefore represents an attractive target to prevent or blunt eosinophils-mediated inflammation. The investigators hypothesize that eosinophils, stimulated by IL-5, play a crucial role in severe asthma and BE pathogenesis. Accumulation of eosinophils at the bronchial level causes damage by degranulation and release of toxic protein, mucus hypersecretion, elastolytic activity, mucinous cells hypertrophy and oxidative stress. Airway remodeling, due to the activity of eosinophils, is the consequence of ongoing inflammation and repair. All these tissue changes are characteristic of both asthma and bronchiectasis (BE). BE, in effect, is caused by long-term excessive inflammatory damage to the airways and in patients with asthma, eosinophils may further contribute to tissue injury. The investigators therefore hypothesize that treatment with mepolizumab, targeted against IL-5 activity, in patients with severe eosinophilic asthma associated with bronchiectasis may lead to a reduction of bronchiectasis and asthma exacerbations and lead to improve control of asthma. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05189613
Study type Interventional
Source Policlinico Universitario, Catania
Contact Raffaele Campisi, Medicine
Phone +393392659722
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 1, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2022

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