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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a femoral nerve block vs. an adductor canal block on pain and quadriceps muscle strength for knee arthroscopy surgery.

Clinical Trial Description

Patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery (ACL and non-ACL surgery) typically receive an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block or an adductor canal block in the pre-operative phase for post-operative pain control. While an effective method for post-operative analgesia, the femoral nerve block is associated with profound quadriceps weakness for the duration of the nerve block, which can impair ambulation, rehabilitation, and increase the risk of falls. The more distal adductor canal block, however, contains primarily sensory branches of the femoral nerve and has been been purported by small volunteer studies to provide equally effective analgesia with minimal motor block and quadriceps weakness (as compared to femoral nerve block). The investigators will prospectively randomize patients undergoing knee arthroscopy at the UCSF Orthopaedic Institute to receive either a single-shot femoral nerve or adductor canal block pre-operatively after taking baseline measurements of quadriceps strength (quantified by maximum voluntary isometric contraction). The quadriceps muscle strength will be checked 20 minutes after the nerve block to assess strength. All patients will subsequently undergo a general anesthetic. The primary outcome variable will be post-block quadriceps strength as a percentage of baseline from pre-block values. Secondary outcome variables that will also investigated include: VAS pain score in the post anesthesia recovery unit and post-operative day 1, time to onset of sensory block, duration of nerve blockade, block performance time, patient satisfaction score, perioperative opioid use, perioperative analgesic consumption, incidence of paresthesias, number of needle passes, incidence of post-operative nausea, vomiting, constipation, and any other complications. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05190120
Study type Interventional
Source University of California, San Francisco
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date January 2016
Completion date March 2022

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