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Clinical Trial Summary

Contrast balanced dichoptic videogame training has been found to improve sensory functions in adults with amblyopia; best corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA) and stereopsis, but its effect on motor function, namely amblyopic eye fixation stability, is unknown. Furthermore, the effect of treatment in cases of mild amblyopia is not well understood. The aim of this study is to find out the difference on fixation stability, BCVA and stereopsis in mild amblyopes after 6 weeks' contrast balanced dichoptic video game training.

Clinical Trial Description

Objectives: To assess the change of fixation stability as well as visual acuity and stereopsis before and after training mild amblyopia by perceptual learning through dichoptic video game playing.

Hypothesis: It has been shown that the visual acuity, stereopsis and fixation stability are compromised in amblyopic eye. Perceptual learning via video game playing has been found effective in improving visual acuity and stereoacuity in moderate and severe amblyopic eyes, but there is no study on such treatment in mild amblyopia. In this study, we hypothesize that fixation stability, visual acuity and stereopsis will be improved after training by dichoptic video game playing in mild amblyopia.

Methods: Participants (aged 7 or above) with Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) ≤ 0.28 logMAR in the amblyopic eye and an interocular acuity difference ≥ 0.2 logMAR will be recruited. An anaglyphic, contrast balanced dichoptic video game will be provided on an i-Pod Touch (Apple Inc.) for 6 weeks of home-based training (60 mins per day). Fixation stability quantified using bivariate contour ellipse area (BCEA by micro-perimeter (MP) Nidek MP-1), BCVA and stereopsis will be assessed before and after treatment. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT02995174
Study type Interventional
Source The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date August 2015
Completion date December 31, 2018

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