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Clinical Trial Summary

The Expect-it study aims to accompany the development and clinical implementation process of a new algorithm for the management of expected difficult intubation. The new algorithm is designed to allocate patients to specific tracheal intubation techniques. After assessing the status quo (non-algorithm-based decision-making) the new algorithm-based allocation will be compared with this clinical standard within a confirmatory diagnostic accuracy study (post-implementation).

Clinical Trial Description

Difficult tracheal intubation is one of the major reasons for anesthesia-related adverse events. Patients undergoing ear, nose & throat (ENT) or oral and maxillofacial (OMS) surgery often require tracheal intubation for general anesthesia but are at increased risk for difficult tracheal intubation. Currently, existing preoperative tests for the prediction of difficult intubation show low diagnostic accuracy. Moreover, as the results of these prediction tests are not coupled with concrete treatment recommendations, they cannot be used targeted within preventive concepts. An evidence based rational algorithm for the management of expected difficult intubation has not been developed yet. It is unknown, if an algorithm-based allocation to an intubation approach might be advantageous compared with a non-algorithm-based allocation strategy. The Expect-it study aims to accompany the development and clinical implementation process of a new algorithm for the management of expected difficult intubation. This new algorithm is designed to provide an evidence-based decision-making tool for a rational pre-choice of tracheal intubation techniques, anesthetized intubation by direct laryngoscopy (DL) or videolaryngoscopy (VL) or awake tracheal intubation (ATI). In the first study phase the status quo (clinical standard, non-algorithm-based decision-making) will be assessed (three-month period with an approximated case number of up to 600 patients). The Expect-it algorithm will be implemented thereafter. Between both study phases, the algorithm will be updated (based on the findings of the first phase), sensitivity and specificity of the clinical standard will be calculated, sample size will critically be appraised and readjusted (approximately 600 within at least three months), if appropriate. The second study phase is a confirmatory diagnostic accuracy study for the new algorithm with a single test study design, that aims to proof non-inferiority of sensitivity and specificity of the Expect-it algorithm over the clinical standard, with sensitivity and specificity being co-primary endpoints. Study planning and conduction is in accordance with the Standards for Reporting Diagnostic accuracy studies (STARD) statement. The Expect-it study will further include two surveys among anesthetist in the study center in order to evaluate challenges and obstacles associated with the implementation process and possible clinical implications of the algorithm. An additional analysis will be performed to test a core data set for an 'anesthesia alert card'. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04863846
Study type Observational
Source Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf
Contact Martin Petzoldt, MD
Phone 49 40 7410
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Start date May 1, 2021
Completion date December 1, 2021

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