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Clinical Trial Summary

Total of 30 patients are selected according to inclusion criteria by convenient sampling and randomly allocated by sealed envelop method into two groups. Group 1 is treated with Muscle energy technique(Post isometric relaxation) and Group 2 is treated with Grade II,III Kaltenborn mobilizations and both groups also receives conventional therapy in form of Codman exercise and Wall ladder exercises.Data will be collected at baseline then after 2 weeks and after 4 weeks of intervention.


Clinical Trial Description

The purpose of study is to determine effectiveness of muscle energy techniques(Post Isometric relaxation) and Kaltenborn mobilizations and to compare the effectiveness of both techniques on pain and functional disability in patients with Adhesive capsulitis.Several studies about the effects of Maitland mobilizations and Muscle energy technique have been conducted. Evidence regarding the comparison of Kaltenborn mobilizatuons and post isometric relaxation is sparse. There has been no work regarding effectiveness of these two techniques in improving pain and functional disability in patients of Adhesive capsulitis. Kaltonborn Mobilizations involves the application of a passive sustained stretch technique to enhance joint mobility without articular surface suppression. The forces applied to increase joint mobility are graded from I-III. Grade I applies a distraction of minor intensity that hardly causes stress within the joint capsule; it is often used to decrease pain. Grade II refers to a force that stretches the periarticular tissue; such stimulus is colloquially referred to as "taking up the slack." Finally, Grade III force causes enough distraction or gliding so that joint capsule can sufficiently stretch; it is often used for enhancing ROM. MET is unique in its application as the client provides the initial effort while the practitioner facilitates the process. One of the main uses of this method is to normalize joint range, rather than increase flexibility, and techniques can be used on any joints with restricted Range of Motion (ROM) identified during the passive assessment. The main effects of MET can be explained by two distinct physiological processes: Post Isometric Relaxation (PIR) and Reciprocal Inhibition (RI). Post isometric contraction decrease muscle tone in single group of muscle after brief period of submaximal isometric contraction of same muscle. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT05189626
Study type Interventional
Source Health Education Research Foundation (HERF)
Contact Waqar Ahmed Awan, PhD
Phone +923335348846
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date December 6, 2021
Completion date March 31, 2022

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