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To evaluate the efficacy of levo-bupivacaine alone and with dexmedetomidine in Ultrasound guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block for hand and forearm surgeries as regard: Onset of sensory and motor blockade. Duration of sensory and motor blockade. Analgesic pain scores using the verbal rating scale (VRS) for pain. Duration of analgesia postoperative complications.
Supraclavicular brachial plexus approach is an alternative technique to general anesthesia resulting in a fast onset of a reliable blockage of the brachial plexus. The use of ultrasound for the performance of supraclavicular block has become the gold standard since it enables the clinician to deposit the local anesthetic close to the nerves in real-time that improves the success rate with a safety margin. Adjuvants are added to local anesthetic in Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Blockade to improve the quality of nerve blocks and the duration of analgesia. It should be noted that no adjuvant has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the prolongation of peripheral nerve blocks