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The Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial (cRCT) portion of the study will focus on evaluating the use of information, marketing, and incentives to shape student travel behavior to campus through the three channels identified in Ajzen's (1991) framework.
A group of 50 age-schooled adolescents was randomized into one intervention and another control group of 25 subjects each. After estimating one maximum repetition for all the participants in a previous session, the intervention group performed a resistance training based on a resistance exercise of 3 sets of 3 to 5 repetitions (90% of an estimated 1 RM) whereas the control group performed both stretching and balance exercises. Measures of executive functions ( i.e. a cognitive function associated with academic performance) were taken for all the participants before and after the training. Both independent and paired t-test will serve to check differences between and within groups respectively.
This study evaluates the effect of 120 minutes extra of physical education (PE) or physical activity (PA) on adolescents' physical health, mental health, academic performance and learning environment. This is a cluster-randomized controlled trial with three arms, where the participants in two of the groups will have different models of increased PE/PA during the school week, whereas the participants in the third arm is the control group including current practice.
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) accounts for 70-90% of all diagnosed traumatic brain injuries (TBI) affecting approximately 50-300 per 100.000 individuals annually. Persistent post-concussion symptoms are reported in 15-80% of hospital admitted and outpatient treated populations, affecting labour market attachment, academic achievement, income, socio-economic status, social interactions, home management, leisure activities and cohabitation status. The association between mTBI and long-term trends in cohabitation status, income, academic achievement and socio-economic status has not been thoroughly explored. Previous studies focus on children's academic performance after severe TBI and only few studies include early adulthood and patients with mTBI. Trends in divorce rates are frequently conducted on severe injuries or populations consisting of veterans. Additionally, all studies have failed to apply a national register based design. Aim The aim of the study is to examine the long-term associations between mTBI and trends in cohabitation status, academic achievement and socio-economic status between pre-injury rates and observed rates at 5 years post-injury. The hypothesis was that by 5 years mTBI would be associated with increased odds of marital breakdown, decreasing academic achievement, decreasing income, decreasing socio-economic status compared to the general population in Denmark. Methods: The study is a national register based cohort study with 5 years follow-up of patients with mild traumatic brain injury from 2008 - 2012 in Denmark. Population: Patients between 18-60 years diagnosed with concussion (ICD-10 S06.0) were extracted from the Danish National Patient Register between (2003-2007). Patients with major neurological injuries and previous concussions at the index date and 5 years before the index date (1998-2007) were excluded. Patients who were not resident in Denmark 5 years before and during the inclusion period were also excluded (1998-2007). Data will be retrieved from several national databases, including: the Danish national patient register, Danish Civil Registration System (CRS), the Danish Education Registers, the Income Statistics Register and the Employment Classification Module (AKM). One control of the general population were matched for each case on sex, age and municipality. Outcome measures are: Cohabitation status, Education, income and socio-economic status.
This project focuses on social and character development of elementary and middle school-aged children and responds to an urgent national need that schools improve their capacity to address a range of student outcomes, including social skills, character, behavior, academic achievement and health outcomes. This study is a school-based randomized trial to evaluate the Positive Action program. The Positive Action program was designed to promote social and character development and improve behavior and school performance.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the Positive Action program on reducing negative behaviors, increasing positive behaviors and improving academic achievement of elementary school students.