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A. Longitudinal Cohort n=400 clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT04438161 Recruiting - Clinical trials for B. Lower Risk (n=45) and Higher Risk (n=105) Randomized 2:1 to PERCCS Intervention

Study to Understand Risk and Resilience Opportunity for Newborns After Delivery

Start date: January 25, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Childhood Maltreatment (CM) has highly deleterious effects on human development and is a preventable known cause of enduring psychopathology in the United States. Infants and young children are at particularly high risk for physical harm from abuse and neglect, comprising over 60% of all child maltreatment fatalities. An increasing number of studies point to the ability to target prevention of CM by estimating individual specific risk at the time of birth, on the basis of readily-accessible data elements of birth records. This clinical trial is a randomized controlled trial embedded within a prospective longitudinal study, in which families of infants recruited prenatally or in the newborn period are randomized to an enhanced level of engagement in resource navigation, which we refer to as Personalized Education Regarding Clinical and Community Supports (PERCCS). The enhancement involves keying recommendations for evidence-informed interventions for the prevention of CM to established risk factors for ascertained within a family. The parent longitudinal cohort study involves enrollment of a diverse population of families of newborns (prenatally or in the immediate postnatal period) for the purpose of ascertaining sociodemographic, psychological (eg. parental stress) and family psychiatric risk factors for (a) child maltreatment (b) unmet service needs, and (c) adverse behavioral outcomes of the children. Families are contacted quarterly to track acquisition of support services that are relevant to the prevention of child maltreatment. At age 18 months early childhood behavioral outcomes are ascertained, biomaterials collected, and official-report child maltreatment records from the State of Missouri are individually cross-matched with identifiers of the children and their parents. Two major outcomes are examined: The first is whether the engagement protocol results in a higher level of acquisition and active participation in recommended preventive intervention services by the families (including home visitation, parental mental health care, evidence-based parenting education, and others delineated in Table 1, see below). The second is the rate of child maltreatment (CM) ascertained in official Missouri state administrative records for which individual informed consent to individually-cross reference is obtained by the families in the course of their enrollment in the parent longitudinal study.