View clinical trials related to Post-Operative Complication.Filter by:
Post operative complication after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery is high as 30-50%，which is the main reason for patient admitted to ICU. Several biomarkers have been shown to be useful in the early diagnosis of sepsis and systemic bacterial infection. The purpose of this study is to assess the predictive value of biomarkers for early complication after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery and assess the effectiveness of anti-infectious therapy.
Surgical site infection (SSI) following spinal surgery is a frequent complication and results in higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. SSI following adult spinal surgery is a frequent complication that has been reported to occur in 0.7-12.0% of patients and result in higher postoperative morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Vanderbilt University Medical Center SSI rate is 7%. Treatment for SSI can be challenging often requiring revision surgery, long-term antibiotics, and prolonged hospitalization. The accurate identification of risk factors is thus important in the development of strategies to prevent these potentially devastating infections. This study proposes a randomized, controlled trial of neuro-spine patients of 2% chlorhexidine gluconate skin preparation cloths for the prevention of post op surgical site infections in spine patients. Use of CHG cloths the night before and morning of surgery (neckline to toes) will affect (decrease rates) of SSI compared to patients who receive routine standard of care (soap and water pre-op, day of surgery and daily post-operative).
A pilot research study is planned to occur within the pediatric urology service the spring of 2015. All pediatric urology patients in the immediate post-operative period of 0-14 days will be eligible for this study. This study will compare the current standard of care for managing post-operative complications (a telephone conversation with the NP) versus an experimental intervention (telephone call and an electronic photograph of the surgical site). Before the surgical patient is discharged from the hospital, consent will be obtained for participation. Once a family initiates contact with the NP with a post-operative concern they will be randomized to either the control or the experimental group. Those in the control group will receive the current standard of care, which is telephone advice only. Those in the experimental group will speak to the NP on the telephone and will be requested to send an electronic photograph of their child's surgical site to the NP for assessment and advice. Photographs will be assessed using a standardized tool by both NPs and this information will be entered into a database. The investigators will be measuring the number of emergency department (ED) and/or unplanned clinic visits in both groups. An unplanned clinic visit is defined as a visit that is required due to an unexpected complication or concern before the original scheduled post-operative follow-up as determined by the surgeon. The investigators will be tracking the number of follow-up phone calls for both groups, as well as requiring participants to complete a family/patient experience survey after speaking to the NP.