View clinical trials related to Pancreatic Neoplasms.Filter by:
To assess the freedom from local failure at 12 months after Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT). Also to assess the safety, efficacy and feasibility of SBRT in the treatment of high risk localised pancreatic cancer.
A prospective, multicenter, open label, randomized phase III study of CPI-613 + mFFX compared to FFX in patients with metastatic (Stage IV) adenocarcinoma of the pancreas with age range of 18 to 75 years
Recently, a retrospective study reported the efficacy and safety of modified gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP), which were administered biweekly (on days 1 and 15). With 79 patients of metastatic pancreatic cancer, this study reported similar efficacy and improved toxicity profile compared with standard dose GnP (OS 10 months, PFS 5.4 months, Grade ≥3 Neutropenia 19%, Grade ≥3 sensory neuropathy 1.6%). Also, several studies reported that dose reduction of nab-paclitaxel in breast or pancreatic cancer treatment was not related of decreased survival, or related with prolonged survival and increased treatment exposure. However, this finding need to be evaluated in prospective clinical trial. This phase II trial will evaluate the efficacy and safety of modified GnP, which omit the day 8 administration of nab-paclitaxel, in metastatic pancreatic cancer.
Rationale: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a malignancy with a poor prognosis. Resection is the only curative option and still 5-year survival rate is less than 10 percent. However, most patients present with advanced disease and are provided with palliative care. The nature of the tumour and the intense stromal reaction around the tumour cells leave pancreatic adenocarcinoma relatively insensitive to chemotherapeutics. Current models, such as cell lines or patient derived xenografts, cannot provide predictive information in a clinically relevant timeframe. Organoids and organotypic culture systems have emerged as promising new culturing techniques that maintain some of the complexity of the tumour. As most patients are ineligible for tumour resection, this project will focus on metastases and will generate organoids from that tissue. Using a combination of organoids and organotypic systems, treatment (non)response can be predicted, which may provide a personalized treatment setting for patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
The prognosis of pancreatic cancer is extremely poor, even in those patients who had underwent surgery, the 5-year survival is still less than 10%. Current guidelines recommend Gemcitabine monotherapy for R0 resection of pancreatic cancer. Inflammation plays an critical role in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. Here we intend to assess the synergistic effect of using celecoxib in combination with gemcitabine on the treatment of R0 resection of pancreatic cancer.
Pancreatic cancer patients receive chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells against mesothelin (CARTmeso) or CD19 (CART19) cells administered at 3 days via pancreatic artery infusion or i.v. after preconditioning of cyclophosphamide. Both CART cells are autologous. CARTmeso cells target pancreatic cells which highly express mesothelin, while CART19 cells target tumor-associated B cells expressing cluster of differentiation antigen 19 (CD19) which are mostly immunosuppressive. The investigators hypothesize that this combination therapy may enhance the efficacy of CARTmeso cells in the body. Additionally, a medium dose of cyclophosphamide is used to enhance the engraftment of CART cells.
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the size of the common bile duct (CBD) in a large cohort of patients with jaundice secondary to pancreatic head or distal bile duct malignancy undergoing diagnostic EUS for tissue acquisition or evaluation of resectability and to establish factors associated with a dilation of the CBD greater than 15mm.
The purpose of this phase 2 research study is to determine whether a combination of chemotherapy drugs plus radiation therapy, given before surgery in resectable pancreactic cancer, can help to increase the chances of surgeons achieving and R0 resection. The chemotherapy drugs used are gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel. These drugs are both approved by the FDA for use in treating adults with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The investigational portion of this study is providing the chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy before surgery. Primary Endpoint, R) resection rate ≥70%. Secondary Endpoints, Disease free survival, Overall survival , Perioperative mortality and morbidity.
We plan to enroll 30 evaluable patients with (1) a histological diagnosis of advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma who have demonstrated at least stable disease following ≥16 weeks of treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy and (2) who have signed consent to participate in a clinical trial that contains PARP inhibitor therapy and are anticipated to receive this treatment or (3) will receive PARP inhibitor therapy as part of their clinical care. A pre-treatment 18F-FluorThanatrace ([18F]FTT) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan will be done prior to the start of treatment with a PARP inhibitor. PET/CT imaging will be used to evaluate PARP-1 expression in sites of pancreatic cancer using the investigational radiotracer [18F]FTT. This is an observational study in that [18F]FTT PET/CT will not be used to direct treatment decisions. While patients and referring physicians will not be blinded to the [18F]FTT PET/CT results, treatment decisions will be made by the treating physicians based upon clinical criteria. Patients will undergo approximately 60 minutes of dynamic scanning starting at the time of injection of [18F]FTT. This procedure will be followed by a skull base to mid-thigh scan, starting at approximately 60 minutes post injection. PET/CT imaging sessions will include an injection of approximately 10 mCi (approximate range for most studies is anticipated to be 8-12 mCi) of [18F]FTT. Data will be collected to evaluate uptake of [18F]FTT in sites of pancreatic cancer, which will be compared with PARP-1 expression in tissue, when available. All 30 evaluable patients are expected to start PARP inhibitor therapy following the [18F]FTT PET/CT scan. It is expected that due to patient preference and time considerations, approximately 24 patients (80%) will also undergo a second (optional) scan that will be performed approximately 3 weeks (± 1 week) after therapy has started. The second scan is obtained to evaluate whether the PARP inhibitor therapy decreases [18F]FTT uptake, which would suggest PARP blocking by the therapy.
This is a 2-part study to evaluate the safety and antitumor activity of MSC-1. MSC-1 is a first-in-class, humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG1) which binds to the immunosuppressive human cytokine Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF), and is intended to treat adult patients with Advanced Solid Tumors. In part 1, multiple dose levels of MSC-1 in patients with Advanced Solid Tumors will be studied to determine the recommended dose for further evaluation of safety and efficacy in Part 2.