Myocardial Function Clinical Trial
Study of Myocardial Function by Speckle Tracking After Cancer Treatment With Anthracyclines in Childhood
The main goal of this study is to compare the values of echocardiographic parameters obtained by Speckle Traking analysis on myocardial function among patients under 18 years treated with anthracyclines in childhood, with healthy age and sex mached volunteers.
Anthracyclines are major drugs in the treatment of childhood cancers. The main factor
limiting their use is the occurrence of delayed cardiac toxicity, irreversible, in an
dilated form of potentially fatal cardiomyopathy. This delayed cardiotoxicity secondary to
the destruction of myocardial cells is histologically proven after administration of the
first dose of anthracyclines. The main known risks factors for delayed cardiotoxicity are:
the cumulative dose of anthracyclines, young age at the time of administration, and
association with mediastinal radiotherapy. All pediatric protocols with anthracyclines
therefore provide a prolonged cardiac monitoring.
However, there are no validated predictive early markers of progression to cardiomyopathy:
i) the standard echocardiography, routine surveillance method does not detect subclinical myocardial injury,
ii) the predictive value of biomarkers (ultrasensitive troponin, NT-pro-BNP) is controversial because of conflicting results.
Among the echocardiographic innovative techniques, myocardial strain imaging by speckle tracking echocardiography analyses via a software myocardial displacement of natural acoustic markers, and enables rapid evaluation, precise and objective of the segmental and global myocardial function, expressed as a percentage (strain) and speed of myocardial deformation (strain rate) by reference segment and by reference dimension (longitudinal, radial, circumferential).
Only four recent studies analysing the myocardic function in ST of the patients treated with anthracyclines in childhood (Yiu-fai, Cheung, Yu W, Poterucha) find unmatched and/or incomplete results, on a limited number of patients, but suggest the existence of alterations of the left ventricle the strain before the appearance of deteriorations of the fraction of ejection of the left ventricle (LVEF). None of these studies studied the strain of the right ventricle and none compared the data of the strain with the cardiac biomarkers.
Compare the values of echocardiographic parameters obtained by the technique of ST on myocardial function among patients under 18 years treated with anthracyclines in childhood, with healthy age and sex mached volunteers.
To compare conventional echocardiographic parameters and ST them in terms of deviation from the norm To assess the impact of known risk factors for cardiotoxicity with anthracyclines (cumulative dose, young age at administration, female association with mediastinal radiotherapy) on ultrasound parameters obtained by the technique of ST.
To evaluate the association between biomarkers for cardiotoxicity (ultrasensitive troponin and NT-pro-BNP) and echocardiographic parameters obtained by the technique of ST.
To correlate indices of Speckle Tracking methods to classical sonographic data ;
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Source||University Hospital, Montpellier|
|Contact||Laure SAUMET, DR|
|Start date||September 2014|
|Completion date||January 2017|