Medical Patients Clinical Trial
My Health - My Medication. A Controlled Investigation of Patient Involvement in Administration of Medication in Hospitalized Medical Patients
The primary purpose of this study is to investigate if patient involvement in the medication
procedures through elements of the medication system One-Stop Dispensing (use of own
medication, placed in bedside locker, partly or self-administration of medication) and
focused dialogue about medication can maintain or improve the patients' health literacy to
perform the prescribed medical treatment during and after hospitalization.
The hypothesis is, that involving the patient in the medication procedure and focused dialogue about the medicine during hospitalization will improve the patients' health literacy measured by patient adherence, patient knowledge and perceptions of safety about the medication. It is further expected that more time will be spent together with the patient, and that the new medication procedures will be cost-neutral.
More people live with chronic diseases and therefore it is important for the healthcare
system to develop and organize initiatives that involve patients in their treatment.
In Denmark dispensing and administration of medication during hospitalization is a process where the health staff has completely taken the responsibility from the patient, leaving unused resources among patients and their relatives.
In general non-adherence to medication in patients with chronic medical diseases is a common problem, which contributes to adverse health outcomes, increase healthcare expenditures and reduce quality of life.
One-Stop Dispensing (use of own medication, placed in bedside locker, partly or self-administration of medication during hospitalization), which is a medication system developed in United Kingdom in the 1990s, could be an important part of a shift in the healthcare system toward increasing patient involvement. Use of own medication and self-administration aims, among other things, to increase adherence and the patient's knowledge and understanding of their medication. One-Stop Dispensing has so far only been tested on elective surgical patients in Denmark, which is why this study set out to investigate acute hospitalized medical patients.
To investigate the effect of the medication system One-Stop Dispensing in Danish medical patients the investigators planned a study including two designs. An observational before and after implementing One-Stop Dispensing study and a randomized controlled study for the intervention period.
Enrolment for an observational part of the study will begin in April 2016 with data collection on patients under the traditional medication system.
In October 2016 enrolment will then begin for the intervention period including randomization to a basic intervention including the elements of One-Stop Dispensing or an extended intervention which besides One-Stop Dispensing also include a dialogue with the patients about their medication during the hospitalization and at discharge. The data collection will end in March 2017.
The research team will identify and verify patient eligibility. All participants will need to provide informed written consent. For recruitment and informed consent, project information will be discussed with the participants.
Baseline variables will be collected at admission and in the intervention period prior to randomization. This includes questionnaire and baseline characteristics such as age, sex and diagnosis. The primary measure is adherence measured at baseline and 1 month after discharge. Knowledge of the patients' own medication will assessed by a health professional also at baseline and again at discharge.
The study will end after one month follow up is completed for all the included patients. ;
|Source||Central Jutland Regional Hospital|
|Start date||April 2016|
|Completion date||March 2017|