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The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate a standardized procedure of medical regulation based on a validated predictive score of eminent delivery (SPIA) in comparison with usual inhomogeneous practices. This standardized procedure impacting the process of care production (when receiving the call for regulation for unannounced delivery) would improve the quality of care of parturients while rationalizing the use of medical teams in the field.
In this study, the investigators aimed to find out whether there are any differences in inflammatory reactions occured subsequent to two different cesarean delivery techniques; modified Misgav-Ladach vs Pfannenstiel-Kerr techniques.
Motherhood Our Lady of Good Help is from the 2006 merger of three hospitals, St. Joseph, Our Lady of Good Help and Saint-Michel. She was transferred to a new building in the heart of Paris Saint-Joseph Hospital Group website in March 2011. The premises of the birth room are spacious and nice. All delivery rooms are supposed to welcome the mother and child when the birth goes smoothly. There is a resuscitation room (called "Nursery") for newborns requiring medical care. But since the installation in the new building, we had the impression that a number of children born without pathology futures and with good adaptation at birth passed through this room for no apparent medical reason. We wanted to make an inventory of home practice healthy newborns in our maternity, evaluate the reasons for a possible separation and appreciate the feelings of mothers cope with this separation.
At the moment in France, one delivery on four is induced for a medical indication. In this context, the practitioners are exposed to an additional difficulty when the clinical examination of the patient reveals a unfavorable cervix because the main drug used for the releases cannot be used and the cervix must be previously mature. There is a pharmacological method used and estimated in these indications of cervical maturation: the dinoprostone (Propess®). Other methods using a mechanical process, are under development and of evaluation as it is the case of the probe of dilation with double balloon (Cook®). The population of the obese women is a population in constant increase in France and presenting deliveries to higher risks of maternal and foetal complications. At these patients, the medicinal releases seem also more difficult and at greater risks of failures. The investigators wish compared the efficiency of the cervical ripening balloon to the dinoprostone within the framework of a medical indication in a release with a unfavorable cervix in obese pregnant women.
The objective of this randomized clinical trial is to assess and compare the effectiveness of directed closed-glottis (Valsalva) pushing (pushing while holding one's breath) vs. directed open-glottis pushing (pushing during a prolonged exhalation) during the second stage of labor. The study hypothesis is that open-glottis pushing results in better maternal and neonatal outcomes, in particular for maternal pelvic floor and continence function.
250 women will be randomly divided into 2 equal groups using computer generated random numbers. Group 1 will receive Carbetocin 100 µgm (Pabal® Ferring, UK) and group 2 will receive oxytocin 5IU (Syntocinon®, Novartis, Switzerland). Both drugs will be diluted in 10ml saline and will be given by the slowly intravenously after delivery of the anterior shoulder. The investigators will not include a control group for ethical reasons.
Dystocia is the most common indication for primary cesarean section. The most common cause of dystocia is uterine dysfunction. In all cephalopelvic disproportion studies, more attention is usually paid on fetus and pelvic rather than on the role of uterine contraction in delivery. So we decided to determine the relationship between dystocia and uterine contraction patterns.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is a difference between cortisol levels in fetal blood of babies who were born while using a unipolar needle opposite to using a bipolar needle, and compared to the control group (infants who were born in a vaginal birth).