View clinical trials related to Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal.Filter by:
PACAP-1 will evaluate to what extent an enhanced implementation of best practices in pancreatic cancer care leads to a prolonged survival and improvement of quality of life as compared to current practice.
Rationale: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a malignancy with a poor prognosis. Resection is the only curative option and still 5-year survival rate is less than 10 percent. However, most patients present with advanced disease and are provided with palliative care. The nature of the tumour and the intense stromal reaction around the tumour cells leave pancreatic adenocarcinoma relatively insensitive to chemotherapeutics. Current models, such as cell lines or patient derived xenografts, cannot provide predictive information in a clinically relevant timeframe. Organoids and organotypic culture systems have emerged as promising new culturing techniques that maintain some of the complexity of the tumour. As most patients are ineligible for tumour resection, this project will focus on metastases and will generate organoids from that tissue. Using a combination of organoids and organotypic systems, treatment (non)response can be predicted, which may provide a personalized treatment setting for patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
Pancreatic cancer represents the most lethal of the common malignancies, with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. For patients who, when are diagnosed of pancreatic cancer, are eligible for potentially curative resection, the mortality and morbidity rates after surgery can improve significantly, but who accounts for no more than 20% of all pancreatic patients. It is therefore an effective way to improve the treatment efficacy for pancreatic cancer by discovering novel detection methods for pancreatic cancer, especially at early stages. MicroRNAs have been proved in recent years as functional disease markers, and circulating microRNA-25 is reported of high pancreatic cancer specificity and can be used as a novel marker for pancreatic cancer. A detection kit "MicroRNA (microRNA-25) Qualitative Detection Kit (Fluorescent PCR Method)" is produced and proven to be effective in assisting the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer through clinical trials held independently in three state-level hospitals in China. To further validate the efficacy of the kit, the researchers in this study intend to compare the sensibility and specificity of microRNA-25 level detection and other diagnosis methods, including detection of conventional tumor markers (CA19-9, CA125, CA50, CEA) and imaging (CT, MRI, PET/CT), both in separation and combined, in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.
Pancreatic cancer represents the most lethal of the common malignancies with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. For patients who are eligible for potentially curative resection, despite mortality and morbidity rates after surgery have improved, the recurrence rate is up to 85% within 2 years. FOLFIRINOX (fluoropyrimidine/leucovorin plus irinotecan and oxaliplatin) has been proved to significantly improve the prognosis and is recommended as first line treatment in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. However, the regimen is limited due to the severe adverse effects. Thus, the investigators replaced 5-FU and leucovorin in the FOLFIRINOX regimen with oral S-1, a new oral ﬂuoropyrimidine derivative which was proved to be the well-tolerated and effectively in large III phase randomized clinical trial, to form the SIRIOX regimen. A phase I clinical trial from Japan found that SOXIRI (S-1, oxaliplatin and irinotecan) works in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. In this study, the researchers intend to investigate the activity and safety of the combination of this regimen in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.
This is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, phase 3 study of napabucasin plus weekly nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine versus weekly nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine for adult patients with Metastatic Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma.
Rationale: Monitoring patients' vital signs is done to detect clinical deterioration. For this, the MEWS, a scoring list comprising seven vital signs measured by nursing staff, is used. Although the MEWS provides relevant data on patients' health status, the interval measurements may not capture early deterioration of vital signs, especially during the night. As a result, unsafe situations may occur such as periods of low oxygen saturation and cardiac arrhythmias, which are known to complicate postoperative course. Besides, this way of measuring vital signs may be stressful for patients and disturbs patients' sleep. New technology such as ViSi Mobile and HealthPatch allows for remote continuous monitoring of vital signs using wearable devices transmitting relevant data to nurses and clinicians. With this, the investigators think that clinical deterioration may be detected in an early phase and reduce nurse work load and patient distress. Objective: to investigate the feasibility of wearable devices on the general ward. Study design: feasibility study. Study population: adult patients hospitalized on the internal medicine ward and adult postoperative patients on the surgical ward. Intervention: patients in the intervention groups will be randomized in one of the two groups. Patients in the group 1 will wear ViSi Mobile; patients in group 2 will wear the HealthPatch. Wearable devices will be worn for at least three days. Regular MEWS measurements take place at usual time points. Main study parameters/endpoints: Evaluation with patient and care givers (primary outcome measure), MEWS calculations, time between alarm (continuous data) and next regular MEWS measurement (nurse), intervention by nurse after alarm, admission to ICU, complications, side effects of devices, STAI scores, and PCS scores will be documented. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Patients will wear one device for at least three days. Devices can be uncomfortable by being heavy or the patches can start itching. More measurements by nurses can take place when indicated, for example after alarms. The participating patients will fill out the STAI on daily basis and the PCS on the last day of hospitalization. Both questionnaires will take a few minutes to complete. Patients could benefit from early detection of clinical deterioration and early corrective interventions or ICU admissions.
The aim of this study is to determine whether the performance of extended lymphadenectomy in association with pancreatoduodenectomy improves the long-term survival in patients with pancreatic head ductal adenocarcinoma.Half of participants will receive pancreatoduodenectomy with extended lymphadenectomy,while the other half will receive pancreatoduodenectomy with standard lymphadenectomy.
Ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas is the fifth leading cause of cancer related deaths in the European Union. Tumor markers CA19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen are important components in decision making and follow-up of patients diagnosed with this disease. These tumor markers were found to be elevated not only in the serum but also in other body fluids in patients with malignant lesions of the parotid gland and the urinary tract. The authors have described in a previews small preliminary study a positive and a strong linear correlation between the levels of CA19-9 in urine and saliva with those presented in the serum of patients with ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. The current study seeks to enlarge the study population to confirm the previous results and standardize the measured levels of CA19-9 in these body fluids.
Researchers are looking for better ways of understanding and treating pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study is to see how useful it is to look for changes and characteristics in your genes (molecules that contain instructions for the development and functioning of the cells) and the genes within the tumour. These characteristics may be useful in choosing treatments for patients in the future. Changes (mutations) in genes have been shown to be an important characteristic in cancers. Looking at differences in genes in patients with advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and comparing this information with response to their initial chemotherapy treatment may help to learn which treatments may be better for certain patients after initial treatment.
Durvalumab and Tremelimumab in combination with first-line chemotherapy in the following indications: Ovarian/peritoneal/fallopian tube cancer, SCCHN, TNBC, SCLC and gastric/GEJ cancer, PDAC, ESCC.