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This is a study to investigate the potential clinical benefit of G1T48 as an oral selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) in patients with estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The study is an open-label design, consisting of 2 parts: dose-finding portion (Part 1), and expansion portion (Part 2). Both parts include 3 study phases: Screening Phase, Treatment Phase, and Survival Follow-up Phase. The Treatment Phase begins on the day of first dose with study treatment and completes at the Post-Treatment Visit. Approximately, 96 patients will be enrolled in the study.
Partial breast irradiation is typically performed after surgical removal of the tumor. Partial breast irradiation allows for focused radiation to the area from which the cancer was removed, sparing breast tissue from the potential bad effects of radiation compared to radiating the whole breast, which was the standard of care for many years. This study is evaluating the use of partial breast irradiation with NIBB performed before surgery instead of after surgery.This should allow researchers to target the cancer even more accurately and result in less normal breast tissue receiving radiation which may cause less side effects and/or a better cosmetic outcome. In this study partial breast treatment will be given with NIBB in 5 treatments over about 1 week. Surgical removal of the tumor will then be performed between 4-12 weeks following radiation treatment. Researchers believe that participant's risk of complications from surgery will not be higher after getting these radiation treatments than it would have been if participants had surgery first, but that is one of the things researchers are studying.
The proposed study will be a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing treatment as usual (TAU) to treatment as usual plus a brief Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention (TAU + ACT) with mastectomy and lumpectomy patients identified as at-risk for developing persistent post-operative pain. The ACT intervention is a single individual therapy session scheduled two weeks following surgery. Potential participants will be recruited from the University of Iowa Breast Cancer Clinic. A sample size of n = 30 for each arm will be recruited. An attrition rate of 20% is anticipated so the total N to be recruited for the study is 72 participants. Study measures will consist of self-report questionnaires and medical record data. Data will be collected prior to surgery, one-week after surgery, and 3 months after surgery.
This study aims to discover more about radiation techniques for people treated for left-sided breast cancer that minimizes exposure to the heart, as noted by mean heart dose.
Diagnostic study which evaluates the level of PSMA expression in patients with locally advanced, recurrent and/or metastatic ACC/SDC of ≥18 years old with 68Ga-PSMA-PET/CT imaging in order to establish whether these patients are eligible for 177Lu-PSMA therapy
This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of guadecitabine and how well it works when given together with durvalumab in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer that has spread to other places in the body. Guadecitabine may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as durvalumab, may block tumor growth in different ways by targeting certain cells. Giving guadecitabine and durvalumab may work better in treating patients with liver, pancreatic, bile duct, or gallbladder cancer.
The goal of this study is to examine the role of Intraoperative Radiotherapy (IORT) in Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ (DCIS) and to improve the understanding of the clinical, radiographic, and patient-related impact of adopting IORT.
The investigators hypotheses that paclitaxel combined with cisplatin in a weekly-based regimen as adjuvant chemotherapy is more effective for high risk, HER2 negative breast cancer .
This project is an immunohistochemical study of archived patient breast tissue, specifically pre-invasive lesion specimens. The purpose is the discovery of novel molecular markers of pre-invasive breast lesions. These novel markers, once validated in this study, can serve as targets for individualized prevention therapy, neoadjuvant therapy for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), or predictors of lesion aggressiveness. We have discovered two novel classes of DCIS molecular pathways required for the survival of DCIS neoplastic cells that will serve as the basis for the candidate molecules to be evaluated in this proposed study. The first class of DCIS molecular markers is autophagy, a cell survival mechanism that we discovered to be highly augmented in the hypoxic and nutrient deprived intraductal neoplastic cells of human DCIS (1-4). The second class of biomarker is calcium efflux that is mediated in breast cells by the calcium export pump Plasma Membrane Calcium ATPase (PMCA2) (5, 6). During normal lactation, breast epithelium pumps large concentrations of calcium into milk. In neoplastic lesions, calcium is exported by PMCA2 as a cell survival mechanism, since cells under metabolic stress accumulate calcium to a toxic level. Calcium export in DCIS may also contribute to intraductal calcifications, a hallmark of high grade DCIS and the most common marker of DCIS on mammography (7). Sentara cares for hundreds of patients per year who are diagnosed with breast pre-invasive lesions, including atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). Sentara treats 25% of the women with breast cancer in Virginia. Coupled with information from the Sentara Cancer Registry, Dr. Hoefer or a research team member will identify eligible patients with ADH, DCIS, and/or LCIS at the time of the core biopsy diagnosis, surgical therapy, and/or upon lesion recurrence. After receiving written informed consent from the eligible patients, Sentara Pathology will retrieve the corresponding tissue blocks. The recut tissue sections will be processed at George Mason University, Center for Applied Proteomics and Molecular Medicine for markers relevant to calcium signaling, Vitamin D response, proliferation, autophagy and inflammation. Combined with the translational research expertise/technology in the Center for Applied Proteomics and Molecular Medicine at George Mason University, Sentara's diverse patient cohort provides an opportunity to address the most fundamental unanswered questions surrounding the etiology, progression, and therapy of pre-invasive breast lesions.
This pilot research trial studies characterization of mechanical tissue properties in patients with pancreatic, liver, or colon cancer. Mechanical properties and stiffness of the cancerous tissue may be correlated with the standard pathology report that describes the stage of the disease.