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The purpose of this study is to determine if surgical dressings removed at 24 hours or 48 hours improves wound healing and appearance, and to determine if surgical dressings removed after 24 hours or 48 hours decreases the incidence of post-operative wound infections.
A great number of different suture techniques and suture materials are in use in order to reconstitute the abdominal wall integrity, but there is no surgical gold standard for abdominal wall closure until today. Various Meta-Analyses and randomized controlled trials have been performed, which compared non-absorbable or long-term absorbable versus rapid absorbable suture materials or monofilament versus multifilament suture materials, or continuous versus interrupted suture techniques respectively. This lack of evidence has the following outcome: burst abdomen is observed in 1-3% of patients within the first days after a laparotomy. The incidence of abdominal wall hernias 12 months postoperatively is estimated to be up to 20% (range 9 to 20%) . Wound infections develop in 3 to 21% of patients undergoing a median laparotomy within the first 30 days. At present most surgeons favour monofilament long-absorbable continuous sutures as the most suitable material for closing abdominal wounds after midline laparotomy.