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Clinical Trial Summary

Individuals with schizophrenia display a wide range of neurocognitive difficulties resulting in functional impairment and disability. Extensive evidence indicates insomnia and sleep disturbances play a substantial role in degrading cognitive functioning. However, the putative impact of insomnia and sleep disturbances on neurocognition and daily functioning has not been investigated in people with schizophrenia. The goal of this study is to characterize sleep in individuals with schizophrenia and quantify its impact on neurocognition and daily functioning.

Clinical Trial Description

Individuals with SZ display a broad range of neurocognitive difficulties that have been identified as major determinants of poor functioning and disability, thus representing an important public health concern and a focal target for interventions. Extensive research literatures converge in highlighting the critical role insomnia and sleep disturbances play in degrading neurocognitive functioning. Such sleep disturbances result in clinical presentations similar to neurocognitive difficulties commonly observed in people with SZ. While insomnia and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in people with SZ, there are scant data on the impact of sleep disturbances on neurocognition in SZ, and no data quantifying their influence on daily functioning. Thus, sleep disturbances remain poorly understood and modeled in SZ, their impact is rarely considered in clinical trials, and they remain largely unaddressed by clinicians. To address this gap in knowledge, the primary aim of this study is to characterize sleep in individuals with SZ and quantify its impact on neurocognition and daily functioning. Employing an experimental, within-person, repeated assessment design, the study team will characterize sleep architecture, duration, and quality along with cognitive, electrophysiological, biomarkers and daily functioning sequelae in 40 individuals with SZ. Participants will first complete a week-long, in-home characterization of sleep duration and quality using actigraphy and a sleep diary. Next, they will complete two overnight polysomnography examinations employing two sleep schedules: 1) undisturbed sleep; and 2) restricted sleep (4 hours). As part of these assessments, participants will provide blood samples for biomarkers analyses and complete EEG-indexed memory tasks pre- and post-sleep, along with a post-sleep battery of neurocognitive functioning. Finally, participants will complete a 3-day ambulatory assessment using actigraphy and smartphones to explore the impact of each sleep schedule on "real-world" daily functioning including symptoms, emotion regulation, and mood. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05032963
Study type Interventional
Source Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Contact David Kimhy, PhD
Phone 212-585-4656
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 2021
Completion date May 2023

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