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Clinical Trial Summary

In late 2019, a new coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was identified as the cause of COVID-19 (COronaVIrus Disease-2019) in Hubei Province, China. COVID-19 has become a pandemic with approximately 4.1 million confirmed cases as of May 2020 resulting in 280,000 deaths worldwide. Between 5 and 20% of patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection are admitted to the ICU with a mortality ranging from 25 to 60% depending on the series. At present, there is no effective targeted therapy against this viral infection. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) are nanoparticles made up of apolipoproteins, mainly apoA1, associated with phospholipids whose main function is the reverse transport of cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the liver. This property gives HDL a major cardiovascular protective effect. In addition to this effect, studies have highlighted a number of properties such as anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, anti-thrombotic and anti-oxidant effects of these particles. Furthermore, it has been shown that HDL is able to bind and neutralize bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS), promoting their elimination. During bacterial sepsis, a rapid decrease in plasma HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration has been demonstrated, but also an inverse correlation between mortality and HDL-C concentration. In addition to the quantitative decrease in HDL during sepsis, dysfunctions of these particles have been described, such as major differences in size, or a notable alteration in protein composition with, in particular, more pro-inflammatory proteins. In this context of both quantitative and qualitative alteration of HDL, authors have tested the efficacy of injection of either reconstituted HDL (apoA1 + phosphatidylcholines) or peptides structurally similar to ApoA1 in animal models of sepsis and have demonstrated a protective effect on morbidity and mortality, with in particular a decrease in the inflammatory state induced by sepsis. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) can also neutralize LPS and observational studies have shown a decrease in the concentration of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) during sepsis. The authors also showed that low LDL-C was associated with a poor prognosis in patients with sepsis. During COVID-19-induced sepsis, a few studies have demonstrated a decrease in lipoprotein (HDL and LDL) concentration. More specifically, some authors have found an association between low lipoprotein concentrations and increased disease severity. To the best of the knowledge of the investigators, no study has specifically investigated particulate dysfunction of lipoproteins and in particular HDL during severe COVID-19 infections. On the other hand, as it has been described that lipoproteins and particularly HDL can bind bacterial components (LPS or LTA) favoring their clearance, it can be envisaged that these particles can also bind SARS-CoV-2 components, and this, in a more or less strong way depending on the virus strain. The preliminary results of the investigators show that in sepsis, serum amyloid A (SAA) protein tends to replace apolipoprotein A1, making HDL dysfunctional. In addition, paraoxonase-1, an antioxidant enzyme mainly carried by HDL, is almost absent or degraded in septic patients. The SAA/PON-1 ratio could allow to assess the severity of COVID-19 damage and to reinforce a possible therapeutic strategy based on the supplementation of severe patients with apolipoprotein A1 and PON-1 rich HDL nanoparticles. Main objective: To evaluate the functionality of HDL as a prognostic marker of mortality in COVID-19 patients in ICU. To do so, a quantification of the SAA/PON-1 ratio at plasma level and on isolated lipoproteins will be performed by ELISA.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05113836
Study type Observational
Source Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Contact Sebastien TANAKA, MD, PhD
Phone 01 40 25 79 10
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Start date December 19, 2020
Completion date July 1, 2022

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