View clinical trials related to Prostate Cancer.Filter by:
Gallium-68 prostate-specific-membrane-antigen (Ga-68 PSMA) PET/CT is being used in Prostate cancer imaging. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of robotic arm-assisted Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT-guided transgluteal prostatic biopsy. Seventy-eight participants with a clinical suspicion of PCa were recruited from January 2019 to September 2020. All the patients underwent whole-body Ga-68 PSMA PET/CT. The patients with PSMA-avid lesion in the prostate underwent robotic arm-assisted PET-guided transgluteal biopsies. The degree of pain during the procedure, procedure-related complications and histopathology were evaluated.
Recently, the use of mobile health is increasing for the purpose of managing prognosis such as recurrence, survival and quality of life by using a wearable smart band and a smartphone application. In the era of the 4th revolution, mobile health for the purpose of comprehensive prognosis for cancer patients is becoming a very good tool. It is possible to confirm the clinical significance of short-term and temporary health care through a mobile application and a smart band during the treatment process for cancer patients, but the study is insufficient to generalize the number of subjects. Therefore, for prostate cancer patients who need prognosis management after surgery, we will investigate the effect of a mobile application using a smart band which has a modular structure reflecting the treatment method and treatment process after surgery. This study targets patients who underwent prostate cancer surgery. An intervention group (App+IoT device) uses a smart care application for 12 months. This application was tailored for prostate cancer patients and created by reflecting the treatment process after surgery. And they also uses a wearable smart band for 12 months. Control group is provided general education through the hospital brochure. Evaluation will be conducted 2-3days after surgery (before discharge), and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery.
Multi-parametric (mp) MRI has now internationally been incorporated as standard of care in the work-up of participants with suspected prostate cancer. The standard mpMRI protocol requires 30-45 minutes to be performed and has a sensitivity and specificity of approximately 90% and 50% for the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer. Compared to the non-targeted systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy approach in men with clinically suspected prostate cancer (e.g.: elevated PSA), performing mpMRI as a triage test allows to detect clinically significant cancer in more men (38% vs 26%) and clinically insignificant cancer in less men (9% vs 22%), while avoiding biopsy in roughly one third of men. However, there is need for improvement in the prostate diagnostic pathway even after incorporation of mp-MRI, specifically mpMRI can miss significant cancer in around 10% of cases and only 50% of positive scans turn out to harbor significant cancer at biopsy. Moreover, the key functional imaging sequence of mp-MRI (i.e.: DWI) often suffers from image artifacts causing difficulty in scan interpretation. To address these issues the investigators aim to investigate Luminal Index MRI (LI-MRI), a novel method of MR imaging that requires only up to 10 minutes to be performed and doesn't require the use of contrast media. LI-MRI has shown promising results for the characterization of prostate cancer. In this study the diagnostic performance of LI-MRI and mpMRI for the detection of prostate cancer will be directly compared.
To clarify the role of short-term Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in the context of intermediate unfavorable and a subclass of high-risk patients treated with prostate Stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). In intermediate unfavorable risk group, when choosing standard external beam radiotherapy, short term ADT is superior in terms of biochemical disease free survival (bDFS) to EBRT alone. In high risk disease, results of the combination therapy are even more clear. Prostate SRT has been endorsed as option for primary radical treatment for prostate cancer. In such patients, the benefit of ADT is still unknown and the decision is left to clinical judgement. For these reasons, it seems to be relevant to propose a randomized, open label, phase III clinical trial of prostate SBRT + 6 months ADT versus prostate SBRT alone in intermediate unfavorable and a subgroup of high risk prostate cancer patients.
For 50 years the diagnosis of prostate cancer has been with Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) blood testing and prostate biopsy. However, this approach resulted in over-diagnosis, over-treatment and missed clinical important cancers. Multi-parametric MRI (mp-MRI) has provided a solution to some of these issues and the National Institute for health and Care Excellence has advocated the use of mp-MRI before biopsy in men with a suspicion for prostate cancer. However, important challenges remain and the current way we pick up and assess prostate cancer can be improved. mp-MRI can miss significant cancer in around 11% of cases, 30% of positive MRI scans turn out not to have significant cancer at biopsy. Lastly, 34% of mp-MRI lesions are scored as in-determinant which sometimes makes decisions for further investigation and treatment unclear. There are also difficulties predicting patients who will have progression of their disease or those who will not suffer harm from their cancer. Therefore the development of non-invasive tests and markers that can tell apart aggressive and non-aggressive disease would be extremely useful in deciding what treatment approach suits individual patients. This study will investigate the use of three different novel MRI methods; Vascular, extracellular and restricted diffusion for cytometry in tumours (VERDICT), Luminal Imaging (LI) and hyperpolarised [1-13C]-pyruvate MRI (HYP-MRI). These scans help us to look at the microstructure as well as the metabolism of prostate tissue and may offer ways to better differentiate aggressive vs non-aggressive disease. These scans will be performed in men with prostate cancer suitable for active surveillance at baseline and 1 year later to assess for prognostic indicators for progression in early prostate cancer.HYP-MRI will also be performed in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for validation of image findings and pathology. Whilst some men will have repeat scanning to asses for the repeatability of these techniques.
The purpose of this research is to try to better understand how much information relating to cancer screening and diagnoses that people can recall on their own and to better understand how to help people get better information. In this study, investigators will see if giving time or other resources help individuals remember more and more accurate details about their cancer screening and care.
This is a Phase 1b/2 study evaluating FOR46 in combination with enzalutamide in patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) after prior progression on abiraterone. FOR46 is designed to target and bind to CD46, a transmembrane cellular protein expressed at moderate or high levels in numerous cancer types. The investigators hypothesize that the combination of FOR46 plus enzalutamide will achieve a clinically significant composite response rate with sufficient durability of response in mCRPC patients.
Stage 3: NanoTherm ablation of focal prostate cancer in small lesions in Gleason 3+3 and Clean 3+4 disease. The outcome of this ablation is validated by a transperineal biopsy at 4 months after ablation.
This proof of concept study is designed to test the safety and tolerability of PGV001-based personalized multi-peptide vaccines in combination with CDX-301 in subjects with a history of aggressive prostate cancer, in the tumor free adjuvant setting.
The investigators will randomize patients presenting with early BCR with a negative baseline PSMA PET/CT, to upfront SRT or surveillance. Early BCR is defined as a PSA relapse of >0.1 to <0.3 ng/mL. Patients in the surveillance arm will be monitored with PSA every 3 months. A repeat PSMA PET/CT will be undertaken when the PSA reaches a target level of >0.5 to <1.0 ng/mL. Both early radiation treatment and surveillance with repeat PSMA PET/CT imaging are within patterns of practice locally; therefore, the investigators believe that there is clinical equipoise on this subject.