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Clinical Trial Summary

Cephalaria Syriaca is a common weed in Anatolia and grows wild in wheat fields, with high fat, protein, and dietary fiber content. This study it is aimed to evaluate the effects of lowering the glycemic index of white bread consumed in large quantities in Turkey by adding Cephalaria Syriaca, on healthy, obese, and diabetic individuals.

Clinical Trial Description

Nutrition is essential in the treatment and management of diabetes and obesity, and other accompanying diseases. Consumption of low glycemic index (GI) foods is the primary approach in medical nutrition therapy to ensure glycemic control and long-term satiety. The glycemic index is the rate at which foods raise blood sugar. The GI is determined by comparing the area of increase in blood glucose within 2 hours after consumption and absorption of a test food containing 100 g of digestible carbohydrates to the area of increase in glucose generated by the reference food containing the same amount of carbohydrates (primarily white bread). The GI value of the food taken as a reference is 100, and the reference ranges of foods are ≤55 low, 56-69 moderate, and ≥70 high GI. Annual bread consumption is much higher than the world average in Turkey and is about 400 g/day. It has been determined that 66% of the energy consumed per capita is provided from cereals, 56% of this energy is met from bread, and 50% of the protein in the daily diet is completed from bread. It has been reported that the GI of white bread is 87 in our country and 70 in other countries. Reducing the GI value of a large amount of food consumed will be a positive step for obesity and diabetes management. Cephalaria syriaca, common in Anatolia and growing wild in wheat fields, has high oil (~20%), protein (15.5%), dietary fiber (25.5%), and polyphenol content and is an annual weed rich in vitamins and minerals. It is known that the flour obtained from Cephalaria Syricia seed strengthens even the flours with low core quality. For this reason, it is used especially in rural areas to increase dough and bread quality. It is known that dietary fiber, fat, and protein contents in foods lower the GI value. Therefore, Cephalaria Syricia flour added to bread flour is expected to reduce the GI value of bread. A study conducted in 2020 showed that the GI value of regular white bread with 5% Cephalaria Syricia flour added decreased by 17%. Although there are in-vitro studies on the effects of Cephalaria Syricia in the literature, no clinical studies with published results have been found. From this point of view, this study is planned to investigate the effects of 0.2% Cephalaria Syricia flour added to bread (market name: İstanbul Halk Ekmek, Akdeniz Bread) on blood glucose and related hormones levels of individuals with diabetes and obesity and healthy volunteers. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05687812
Study type Interventional
Source Istanbul University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date January 1, 2022
Completion date December 31, 2022