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Clinical Trial Summary

The aim of the present study will be to identify different phenotypes of microvascular dysfunction and their associations with the severity of anginal symptoms assessed through the Seattle Angina Questionnaire(SAQ-7).

Clinical Trial Description

After administration of unfractionated heparin (100UI/Kg), a special pressure guide (Pressure Wire X, Abbott), equipped with a distal sensor capable of measuring pressure and temperature, will be introduced inside the anterior descending branch (IVA) of the left coronary artery and hyperemia will be induced by intravenous infusion of adenosine. The IMR will be calculated using the thermodilution technique, and is given by the product between the mean distal pressure, in the left anterior descending coronary artery, and the mean transit time (Tmn) during maximal hyperemia. During the procedure, additional coronary physiological indices will be calculated such as: - Quiescent full cycle flow ratio (RFR), - Fractional flow reserve (FFR), - Coronary flow reserve (CFR) In order to identify different phenotypes of microvascular dysfunction, as follows: - Phenotype A: Patients with IMR>25, CFR <2 and FFR>0.80 (concordant pure-microvascular pathological results) - Phenotype B: patients with IMR>25, CFR>2 and FFR>0.80 (increased microvascular hyperemic resistance, maintenance of microvascular reactivity) - Phenotype C: Patients with IMR 25, CFR 2 and FFR>0.80 (normal hyperemic resistance and reduced reactivity) All these phenotypes can also be combined with pathological FFR measures (<0.80) (phenotypes A1, B1, C1). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05686707
Study type Observational [Patient Registry]
Source Federico II University
Status Active, not recruiting
Start date July 18, 2022
Completion date August 1, 2027