Glaucoma Following Surgery Clinical Trial
Topical Infliximab in Eyes With Penetrating Keratoplasty
Penetrating keratoplasty is a cornea surgery involving several inflammatory complications, of which the most important is glaucoma. Researchers wish to determine whether it is safe to administer infliximab (an anti-inflammatory drug) eye drops after surgery, and whether this eye drop could prevent the occurrence of glaucoma.
This is a prospective, multicenter, double-arm open clinical trial of 50 patients receiving a first penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) surgery, recruited to receive infliximab drops post-operatively. The current study aims to evaluate whether using topical infliximab 10mg/ml eye drops is safe and efficient to prevent the emergence of glaucoma of inflammatory etiology in patients with PKP. This study is examining a new form of delivering infliximab (as eye drops instead of injections in the veins). 25 patients who will be undergoing PKP surgery will be recruited to receive infliximab drops as a part of this study. The research hypothesis is that topical infliximab used during the PKP post-operative period will be safe, and could protect against the occurrence of glaucoma. For comparison purposes, if some patients are not qualified to receive infliximab or should they refuse to receive infliximab, these patients will still be offered to follow the same follow-up schedule, questionnaires, examinations and non-invasive tests (excluding lab work), as patients who will be receiving infliximab. The number of patients in this control group will also be limited to 25 patients. During the treatment period, patients in the interventional arm of the study will be receiving topical infliximab 10mg/ml eye drops four times per day, for a duration of 3 months. Patients will be monitored for another 3 months after cessation of the study drug. The total study duration for each patient will be 6 months. Regarding statistical analysis, the primary and secondary outcomes of the study will be described, including : percentage of patients presenting with a thinning of mean retinal nerve fiber thickness measured using OCT (optical coherence tomography), with thinning in four quadrants (inferior, superior, nasal, temporal); proportion of patients without glaucoma over time; mean change in BCVA (best corrected visual acuity) compared to baseline BCVA; OSDI (Ocular Surface Disease Index) score evolution over time; quantification of ocular surface inflammation; quantification of anterior chamber inflammation; epithelial healing time; and incidence of epithelial keratitis. Visual acuity values will be converted to LogMAR. Data will be presented as numbers and percentages for categorical variables, and as mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables. Comparison between experimental and comparison groups will be done using student's t test if distribution is parametric, and Mann-Whitney U test if distribution is non-parametric. The Kaplan-Meier curve will be used in order to illustrate the proportion of patients without glaucoma over time. An interim statistical analysis will be done once n=10 patients will have completed the full 6 months of study follow-up. A statistical significance level of α=0.05 will be used. ;