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Clinical Trial Summary

Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), defined as nausea and/or vomiting occurring within 24 hours after surgery, affects between 20% and 30% of patients, As many as 70% to 80% of patients at high risk may be affected. The etiology of PONV is thought to be multifactorial, involving individual, anaesthetic and surgical risk factors. PONV results in increased patient discomfort and dissatisfaction and in increased costs related to length of hospital stay. Serious medical complications such as pulmonary aspiration, although uncommon, are also associated with vomiting. Patients with a higher risk of PONV often require a combination or multimodal approach of 2 or more interventions for effective risk reduction. Thus, researchers have explored additional nontraditional antiemetics, such as midazolam, that would aid in the multimodal prevention of PONV.

Clinical Trial Description

Midazolam is often administered in the perioperative period to reduce anxiety in addition to causing sedation and amnesia. The pharmacologic qualities allow for a rapid onset, short duration, and short half-life. The clinical effects of midazolam result from an agonist action on the γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptor throughout the central nervous system. Benzodiazepines do not work directly on the GABA receptor, so there is a physiologic ceiling effect, which contributes to their safety and low toxicity. Although the exact antiemetic mechanisms remain unknown, researchers postulate that midazolam works on the chemoreceptor trigger zone by reducing the synthesis, release, and postsynaptic dopamine. It remains debatable whether midazolam reduces dopamine directly or blocks the reuptake of adenosine leading to an adenosine-mediated reduction of dopamine release. Additionally, the binding of midazolam to the GABA benzodiazepine complex may cause dopaminergic neuronal activity and the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine. The reduction of PONV may also be a secondary effect of the anxiolytic properties of benzodiazepines. Despite literature demonstrating the PONV benefits of midazolam in the perioperative period, But the timing of administration of this drug is still not well established. As it is known that it has half-life of about 1.5 - 2.5 hours and the controversies remain whether to administer this drug preoperatively or postoperatively to prevent PONV. So this comparative study is designed to know the better time for administration of this drug to prevent PONV and to improve patient satisfaction. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05057767
Study type Interventional
Source Benha University
Contact Samar R Amin, lecturer
Phone 01287793991
Email [email protected]
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 20, 2021
Completion date April 15, 2022

See also
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