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Clinical Trial Summary

There are very few long-term studies that analyze the immune responses in patients recovered from COVID-19 caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The main aim of this study is to analyze the clinical profile and immune responses of recovered COVID-19 patients in a representative cohort of people in the Umbria region of Italy. The participants had a history of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 in March 2020 by Reverse Transcriptase- Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR). The participants were invited for voluntary participation in a seroprevalence study. This study analyzes longitudinally the presence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 by sequential serological tests at different time points using two FDA-approved Immunoassays. At the first serum sample collection, the participants were asked to provide information about their COVID-19 clinical history including clinical profile, co-morbidities, and treatment undertaken using a standardized questionnaire. Successive sequential serological assessments were conducted to understand the immune responses in these recovered patients.

Clinical Trial Description

Study design: A monocentric pilot longitudinal observational study Study subjects: patients recovered from SARS-CoV-2 infection in March 2020 (detected by RT-PCR) Study method: The study was conducted after written informed consent for voluntary participation. The antibody titers were longitudinally analyzed by sequential serological tests at different time points (TPs) using two FDA-approved Immunoassays. At the first serum sample collection, the participants were asked to provide information about their COVID-19 clinical history including clinical profile, co-morbidities, and the treatment undertaken using a standardized questionnaire. From May 2020 to January 2021: Anti-Nucleocapsid (NCP) antibodies were analyzed using FDA-approved CLIA immunoassay through sequential serum samples. Time was treated as a factor and six different time points (TPs) were defined (T0-T5). The first blood sample was collected in the month of May 2020, 2 months after the month of infection (March), and was defined as T0. Consecutive serological samples were analyzed at different TPs; three months (T1), five months (T2), seven months (T3), eight months (T4), and ten months (T5) post-infection in June, August, October, November of 2020 and January 2021 respectively. At this point, a more specific immunoassay was adopted to detect neutralizing antibodies against the Spike-Receptor binding domain for future assessments. From late February 2021: an additional n=12 patients (8 female and 4 male), who met the eligibility criteria for participation, were enrolled in the study and added to the original cohort (n=30). These patients (n=12), similar to the original cohort, had a history of testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-qPCR in March 2020, updating the sample size to n=42. Since the legal provisions adopted by the Italian Ministry of Health advised mandatory vaccination for all Healthcare Workers, irrespective of previous disease status, n=10 patients (4 female and 6 male) were gradually vaccinated from mid-March 2021 and hence excluded from the original cohort, making the revised final sample size as n=32. The presence of antibodies was analyzed The study continues to actively enroll patients for future analysis. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05038475
Study type Observational
Source Association "Naso Sano" Onlus
Status Enrolling by invitation
Start date May 1, 2020
Completion date May 2022

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