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Clinical Trial Summary

The correct head position for airway management is considered as a mainstay of good clinical practice. The recommended head position for all patients is the horizontal position of the head with in tragus-to- sternal notch in line alignment. This could be achieved in infant (under two years) supporting the shoulder, neutral head positioning in children between 2-8 (12) years and with so called "sniffing position" (SP) in patients over 12 year by supporting the head (i.e. with pillow) to reach the proper alignment (tragus to sternal notch). Although, this could be considered as gold standard, there are currently insufficient high quality evidence-based data to confirm the association between the better laryngeal view during the direct laryngoscopy and tragus-to-sternal notch position. Recently, "beyond sniffing" position was described as further head elevation (compared to sniffing position) in adult patients. Beyond sniffing position was associated with superior laryngeal inlet visualization compared to standard sniffing position in common elective adult airway management (patients with suspected or confirmed difficult airway was excluded). The hypothesis of SNIFF LM trial is that the sniffing position or even beyond sniffing position could be associated with superior laryngeal mask performance (lower incidence of air leak, LM easier introduction) compared neutral position in paediatric patients undergoing elective paediatric anaesthesia

Clinical Trial Description

Paediatric patients (between 2-18 years) undergoing elective airway management without predicted/confirmed difficult airway will be eligible for inclusion. The patients will be screened for eligibility during the preanaesthesia visit in anaesthesiology examination room. After informed consent the patients will be randomized into 3 groups (according to the induction head position) - neutral head position (without head elevation, head supported with the hollow foam circle to prevent side head movement), sniffing position (head support with inflatable pillow the reach the horizontal in-line alignment of tragus-to-sternal notch line) and beyond sniffing position (further 25% increase of head support compared to sniffing position). The randomization will be performed by the Institute of Biostatistics and Analysis in form of sealed envelopes. The group allocation will be 1:1:1. After fulfilling the inclusion criteria and obtaining the informed consent the patient will be randomized into 3 groups. Before anaesthesia induction the head of the patient will be positioned into the predefined position according to the results of randomization. The anaesthesia induction could be performer either inhalation or intravenous route. After anaesthesia induction, the laryngeal mask will be inserted in the selected position. After one minute of ventilation 3 leak volumes (inspiration - expiration tidal volume) together with the peak airway pressure (3 measurements) will be recorded (the mean volume and mean pressure will be analyzed). Patient´s head will be repositioned into the 2nd position and after one minute of ventilation leak volume and airway pressure will be recorded as previously described, after measurement, the head position will be repositioned into the 3rd positon and the measurement will be repeated. The incidence of 1st insertion attempt failure rate, incidence of laryngeal mask failure rate, incidence of the need for reposition will be recorded together with the incidence of airway related complications. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05035264
Study type Interventional
Source Brno University Hospital
Contact Jozef Klucka,, Ph.D.
Phone 532234686
Email [email protected]
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date October 1, 2021
Completion date December 31, 2022

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