Multiple Sclerosis Acute and Progressive Clinical Trial
Assessment of Quality of Life and Psychological Problems in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
1. use QoL assessments to check whether interventions have been as effective from the patient's point of view as from the clinician's, and to determine whether further action is required . Knowledge of which factors are determinants of QoL in patients with MS would assist clinicians in choosing the most appropriate interventions. Several determinants of QoL have been identified with varying strengths of association and include both disease-related variables (disability status ,disease duration ,fatigue ,depression ,cognition , sociodemographic variables (age and sex ,level of education, and marital status . A number of these factors might be amenable to treatment intervention, which might be expected to improve QoL: fatigue , depression , and cognition 2. To study effect of psychiatric comorbidity on the disease activity by using clinical, laboratory and psychiometric tools.
2.1 Background (Research Question, Available Data from the literature, Current strategy for dealing with the problem, Rationale of the research that paves the way to the aim(s) of the work). (200-250 words max.) Multiple sclerosis (MS) refers to a chronic, autoimmune and demyelinating inflammatory pathology that affects the Central Nervous System (CNS) in multiple areas, namely the cerebral peduncle and periventricular areas of the brain, optic nerves, and spinal cord . MS is characterized by a diverse set of symptoms and lesions, which can cause serious physical alterations, compromise cognitive functioning, and even trigger neurological problems . MS etiology is not yet fully understood. However, it is considered a multifactorial disease with environmental and genetic variables being risk factors with immunological implications that alter myelin (white matter) . Myelin, when degraded due to the inflammatory process inherent to the disease (flare-up), can lead to scarring (plaques/lesions) which, in turn, leads to a CNS impairment in the transmission of impulses, resulting in complications in the functioning of several organs. The impact of MS on patients' quality of life (QoL) is undeniable. However, there are other variables whose influence are significant, such as duration of diagnosis that is associated with worse physical and mental QoL, the degree of disability, and the evolution of the disease, which also appear to be negatively associated with QoL. Recent studies have attempted to correlate advancing neurologic disability with impaired QOL in MS patients . However, advancing neurologic disability has been shown to only partly explain impaired QOL . This supports the hypothesis that factors other than neurologic disability play a role in the QOL of MS patients. ;