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Clinical Trial Summary

Background: Initially conceived of as a method to address healthcare needs of underserved rural populations, Mobile Integrated Healthcare and Community Paramedicine (MIH/CP) is a new model of inter-professional, community-based outpatient healthcare delivery that primarily utilizes the resources and training of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to fill gaps in local healthcare infrastructure, expanding existing scope of practice in most cases while not detracting from acute transport capabilities. Although programs have been in existence since the early 1990s, there are few objective studies of the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of MIH/CP programs, many of which are limited-scope pilot projects. The limited data already published on these measures by established programs shows substantial Medicare charge-avoidances in patients enrolled in CHF-readmission prevention and EMS frequent user programs, and a significant reduction in Emergency Department visits overall, especially in austere environments. In summary, MIH/CP is an attempt at formalization of long-standing practices to collaborate with and supplement other healthcare system components such as primary care and home health services. Standardized, objective data collection and publication of results will be needed to support continuation and financial support of this emerging concept. Objective/Hypothesis: Using the existing resources of the MD-, RN- and Paramedic-staffed Lifespan Pediatric and Adult Critical Care Transport (LifePACT) service, investigators aim to study whether implementation of an MIH/CP pilot program tailored to the needs of an urban, underserved population in Providence, Rhode Island, will reduce the rate of 30-day hospital readmissions for patients after discharges for community-acquired pneumonia, acute MI, and COPD. In addition, investigators will study whether such a program is considered to be safe (in terms of not increasing the number of adverse events post-discharge for patients or compromising the efficacy of the LifePACT transport role) and considered satisfactory by patients (rated comparably to visits by other outpatient health care services such as VNA services).

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05061433
Study type Interventional
Source Rhode Island Hospital
Status Active, not recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date February 8, 2016
Completion date December 31, 2021

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