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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of concentrated-growth-factor (CGF) in combination with coronally-advanced-flap (CAF) compared with platelet-rich-fibrin (PRF)+CAF for the treatment of localized gingival-recessions (GRs)

Clinical Trial Description

Gingival recession (GR) is a common mucogingival deformity. The root surface (RS) exposed by GR is treated with various surgical techniques.Traditionally, if GT and height of the keratinized gingiva (KG) are sufficient, the coronally advanced flap (CAF) technique is commonly used to close the exposed RS.Platelets contain various growth factors (GFs) to initiate healing process or regeneration of tissue.The second generation of platelet concentrates is platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) that are obtained from the centrifugation of blood (2700/3000rpm for 12 min) without anticoagulant or bovine trombin.And, the third generation of platelets concentrates is concentrated growth factor (CGF) as a new approach to produce PRF.It stated that the modified speed during centrifugation contribute the dense fibrin matrix in which includes larger, more intensive, more GFs than PRF.CGF is considered to be a biomaterial that is better than PRF in bone regeneration, but there is no study compare the clinical effects of CGF and PRF in the treatment of localized GRs. Our study hypothesized that if CGF has better regenerative capacity than PRF, the use of CGF in the treatment of GRs as a natural biomaterial may enhace the percentage of RC or healing of soft tissue compared with PRF. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare clinical effects of CGF and PRF in the treatment of localized GRs. The patients of this randomized, split-mouth and controlled clinical trial study protocol were selected from individuals referred to the Department of Periodontology, at the Faculty of Dentistry, Bulent Ecevit University, for either dentin hypersensitivity or aesthetic complaints between April 2015 and June 2017. The subjects were enrolled to this study based on the following inclusion criteria: (1) age > 18 years, (2) systemically and periodontally healthy, (3) non-smokers, (4) presence of ≥2 buccal adjacent Miller Class I or II GR with ≥2 mm GR depth (RD), probing depth (PD) <3 mm and gingival thickness (GT) ≥1 mm on both sides of the maxillary arch, (5) width of keratinized gingiva (KGW) ≥2 mm, (6) presence of identifiable cemento-enamel junction CEJ, (7) central, lateral canine and premolar teeth with GRs in the maxilla (8) full-mouth plaque control record (PCR) ≤20% (O'Leary et al. 1972) and gingival index (GI) scores = 0 (Loe, 1967) and presence of tooth vitality and absence of caries, restorations and furcation involvement in the treated area. All the subjects received oral hygiene instructions and full-mouth scaling were performed 1 month before surgery. They were instructed to perform a non-traumatic brushing technique (Roll) using an ultra-soft toothbrush. In eighteen patients (mean age 39.67₊10.25 age; 8 females, 10 males), one side of the jaw received PRF+ CAF (37 defects), the opposite site received CGF + CAF (39 defects). Application of PRF membrane to the control region: The patient's venous blood was taken into the 10-ml test tubes and placed quickly in the Electro-Mag centrifuge (M 815 P, İstanbul, Turkey) without shaking. The device was operated at 2700 rpm for 12 minutes to obtain PRF. Application of CGF membrane to the test region: The intravenous blood of the patient was taken into 10-ml glaas-coated test tubes without anticoagulant solutions and rapidly centrifuged with a CGF centrifuge machine (Medifuge, Silfradent, S. Sofia, Italy). The instrument's CGF program was selected and operated at speeds and angles ranging from 2700 to 3000 rpm. After approximately 13 minutes of rotation, CGF was obtained. CGF is characterized by 4 phases: (1) serum in the top layer, (2) the second buffy coat layer, (3) the third GF and unipotent stem cell layer (CGF), (4) the lower red blood cell layer (RBC). The CGFand PRF clot was removed from the tube and separated from the RBC by using microsurgical scissors. The CGF was squeezed in a special box that produces membranes at a constant thickness of 1 mm.All surgeries were performed by the same expert periodontist during a single surgical session Gingival recession sites were randomly determined as either test or control site by tossing a coin immediately before the surgical procedure. Sutures were removed after 10 days and plaque control was maintained by CHX for additional 2 weeks. The patients started brush the tooth at the end of the 3rd week and they were again instructed in mechanical tooth cleaning of the treated tooth using an ultra soft toothbrush and roll technique. Oral hygiene instructions were provided at each postoperative visit. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT05188768
Study type Interventional
Source Bulent Ecevit University
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date July 2015
Completion date November 2017

See also
  Status Clinical Trial Phase
Completed NCT02657395 - Root Coverage Using a Xenograph for Treatment of Gingival Recession Phase 1
Completed NCT02206009 - Use of a Collagen Membrane for Soft Tissue Grafting Phase 1
Completed NCT04224935 - The Effect of (L-PRF) Membrane in The Treatment of Gingival Recession N/A