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Surgery-induced pain reveals its own metabolic and inflammatory responses, resulting in a further increase in noxious pathways that are already occurring. Even though it is difficult to distinguish whether the metabolic and inflammatory responses are pain-induced or surgical-induced, it is clear that pain can cause a response. This study aims to investigate the effects of erector spinae plane block on hyperglycemic response with enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery protocol.
To determine if patients with a history of Diabetes Mellitus Type I or II developed a change in blood glucose levels as reported on Continuous glucose monitoring devices (CGMS) within the first week following administration of each dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.
This study aims to evaluate and select the best combination of polyphenol and white kidney bean ingredients in the acute glycemic modulation after a complete meal by measuring blood glucose and insulin.
Glycemic imbalances are very common in shock patients admitted to intensive care units. A blood glucose control every 2 hours is routinely performed in patients requiring insulin therapy. In practice, we use a protocol and management software called "CPG" (Personalized Control of Blood Glucose). This involves taking capillary samples from the fingertips. In addition to the pain generated, local haematomas and sensitivity disorders have been described. Night-time sampling also leads to repeated awakenings. The "CGM GUARDIAN 2" system has been validated for the measurement of glucose in interstitial fluid in insulin-dependent diabetic patients. An electrode is placed on the patient's abdomen or arm for up to 6 days. This electrode consists of a needle that is inserted subcutaneously only during the placement. The sugar level is read using a sensor placed on the electrode and an insulin pump (which will not deliver therapy (for our study) and which will be used only as an information reader to know the glucose level and trends). Interstitial fluid is automatically drawn from the electrode every minute and averaged every 5 minutes. This device has not yet been validated in resuscitation patients.
The investigators aimed to compare efficacy and safety of IGlarLixi and insulin glargine plus dulaglutide as intensification from basal insulin with metformin, in the absence of head-to-head trials.
The rapid normalization of hyperglycemia can cause a neuropathy called Diabetes Treatment-Induced Neuropathy (NITD). This phenomenon induces the presence of hyper vascularization and inflammation in contact with the nerve ends. In another register in patients living with diabetes, it has been observed the development of a rare and devastating complication for the joints called the so-called neuroarthropathy of Charcot (CN). The pathophysiology of CN is not completely known but there is an activation of markers of inflammation and bone remodeling, disruption of the osteoblast and osteoclast system, activation of the RANKL system (Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand) and its antagonist osteoprogesterin (OPG). Inflammation and peripheral hypervascularization therefore seem to be a common link between the two pathologies mentioned (NITD and CN). We have confirmation that the rapid correction of chronic hyperglycemia can trigger (not systematically) NITD, but what about the influence of this rapid correction on the appearance of CN. Furthermore, physical activity (PA) and exercise have long been recognized as the cornerstones of the prevention and management of chronic diseases, due to their beneficial effects on the clinical parameters of various diseases. The practice of PA has a preventive and therapeutic effect against osteoporosis (a disease in which the level of RANKL is particularly high), so there is in theory a preventive effect of the practice of physical activity on the development of CN.
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the use of a commercially available standardized olive extract (Tensiofytol) and a commercially available combination preparation (Cholesfytol NG) by individuals with metabolic syndrome 1. Leads to a clinically relevant reduction of blood pressure on the short term, 2. Leads to a clinically relevant reduction of cholesterol levels, especially LDL, 3. Leads to a change in oxidative stress biomarkers. Participants will be stratified by sex and menopausal status before randomization to one of the three treatments for 8 weeks: - Tensiofytol: 100 mg oleuropeïne and 20 mg hydroxytyrosol per day - Cholesfytol NG: 2.9 mg monacoline K and 10 mg hydroxytyrosol per day - Placebo All treatments have an identical shape and color and should be used in the same way (oral intake; 3 capsules/day during dinner). No dietary instructions are given and participants are asked not to change their dietary habits, nor to start other therapies (medication, supplements, slimming diets, extra physical activity, etc.) during their study period. Standardized questionnaires are used to obtain information on demographics, dietary habits and side effects. At baseline and after 8 weeks, 27 ml blood is drawn for various biological analyses, and blood pressure, BMI and waist circumference are measured.
The study evaluates the effects of Helichrysum italicum and Helichrysum Arenarium on different components of the metabolic syndrome. The components of metabolic syndrome will be measured at baseline and four weeks after daily consumptions of either Helichrysum italicum or either Helichrysum Arenarium, and after two weeks of washout. In addition, stool samples will be also taken at baseline and after four weeks of daily consumtion of either Helichrysum italicum or either Helichrysum Arenarium.
Hyperglycemia is seen in approximately 30% of patients who do not have a history of diabetes and undergo general surgery. Hyperglycemia in this setting is associated with increased risk of postoperative complications. The purpose of this study is to investigate risk factors for developing high sugars during the time of surgery, and if these high sugars can be prevented by the use of an injectable diabetes medication (dulaglutide) prior to surgery.
Dairy products represent an important food group in human nutrition as a source of calcium, protein, functional fats and low-glycaemic sugar lactose. While traditionally consumed natural milk and yogurt have low sugar content, many flavoured liquid dairy products such as chocolate milk, or fermented products such as yogurt have added sugar. Our recent studies have shown that the partial reduction of added sugar in chocolate milk and yogurt is not associated with any inferior sensory characteristics such as taste and pleasantness compared to their full-sugar counterparts. The current project will investigate whether the liquid dairy products with reduced sugar content (value-added products) have any benefits on blood glucose control in humans.