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Clinical Trial Summary

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) GDM is the most common complication that affects the health of the child and mother during pregnancy. Objectives was to determine the effects of Antenatal exercises on glucose levels, mode of delivery and APGAR Score in females with gestational diabetes mellitus. This Randomized controlled trial study was conducted on N= 72 pregnant females at department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Mian Munshi DHQ Hospital, Lahore after Ethical approval of synopsis from institutional Review Board of the University of Lahore . The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS Version 24. .

Clinical Trial Description

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance resulting in hyperglycemia of variable severity with onset during pregnancy. During pregnancy, GDM is the most common complication occurs and it affects the health of the child and mother. This study aim was to investigate the effect of antenatal exercise on clinical outcomes in pregnant females with gestational diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Randomized controlled trial. Settings: It was conducted at department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Mian Munshi DHQ Hospital, Lahore. Sample Size: The calculated sample size is 30 in each group using APGAR scale as outcome measure. After adding 20% drop out the sample size will become 30+6 = 36 in each group. Sampling Technique: Purposive sampling technique Outcome measuring Tools - • APGAR scale DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE All the participants visited from the gynecology department after the diagnosis of GDM was considered after the initial screening test. Following the inclusion and exclusion criteria before adding them to the study. These patients were allotted in two groups i.e. group A and group B via the lottery method. Informed consent were taken in written form showing that they are willing to participate in the study. The therapist had assessed the patients before the start of rehabilitation program: Group A includes participants received the routine physical therapy only. Group B includes participants were given exercise program from 20- 24 weeks of gestation to till the date of delivery, with addition of the routine physical therapy plan. Group A: Routine Physical Therapy (RPT) + Insulin therapy Group A- (n=36) participants received only routine treatment for gestational diabetes mellitus which includes insulin therapy and diet control programs guided by a gynecologist and routine physical therapy which includes walk for 1 hr which includes proper warm up and cool down periods, three times in a week from 20-24 weeks of gestation to till delivery. Group -B-Antenatal + RPT + Insulin therapy+ Exercise Group B- (n=36) participants completed routine therapy and antenatal exercises which includes Aerobic and strengthening Exercises with workout 3 days a week, for 2 weeks (6 sessions under the supervision of physiotherapist and remaining was performed at home along with routine treatment for gestational diabetes mellitus which includes insulin therapy and diet control program as guided by gynecologist. The exercise program was started with quarter-hour moderate-intensity aerobic activity and slowly rising the duration to a maximum of half-hour each exercise session. A 10-15-minute warm-up physical exercise, and a 10-15-minute cool-down period was included. The duration of the exercise was assessed by using target pulse rate, the Borg scale (rate of perceived exertion), or the 'talk test.' American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Guideline corresponded to exercise of moderate-intensity were followed. Aerobic exercise includes a brisk walk to train the main muscle groups which includes, chest muscles, deltoid, quadriceps, and calf muscles were targeted the main muscle groups .In sitting position, strengthening exercise were performed in which one end of the Thera band was placed under the foot, hold for 5 seconds then released along with 10 repetitions. The movements were involvement of wall push-ups, shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction, knee extension and ankle plantar flexion. It was guided that pregnant women avoid exercise promptly if they experience any signs such as dizziness, dyspnea, amniotic fluid leaking or vaginal bleeding. Besides, group participant will wear loose-fitting clothing and keep hydrated while exercising in an environment with adequate temperature and moisture. All sessions of the exercise under supervision were fully documented on successful completion. Confidentiality of all the details were ensured. A blind study (to remove chance of bias), in which random allocation of women between two categories, via the lottery system was executed. Follow Ups Total 3 sessions per week were given to the patients for 60 min., from 20- 24 weeks of gestation to till the time of delivery. Home plan was given to the participants and follow up was done whenever participants came to gynecology department. PROFORMA/QUESTIONNAIRE Title "Effects of Antenatal exercises on clinical outcomes in pregnant females with gestational diabetes mellitus: A Randomized Controlled Trial" Name………………... Age …………………. Height ………………. Weight ………………… Phone no …………………. Gestation age …………… Borg scale ……………. BMI ………………. Evaluation Sheet Group A (RPT+ Insulin therapy) Outcome variables: 1. Glucose level …………. 2. Delivery: i) Normal delivery ii) C-Section 3. APGAR Score: i) 1st min ……………. ii) 5th min ……………. 4. Gestational age at birth ……… Outcome variables: GROUP B (RPT+ Antenatal exercises+ Insulin therapy) 1. Glucose level …………. 2. Delivery: i) Normal delivery ii) C-Section 3. APGAR Score: i) 1st min ……………. ii) 5th min ……………. iii) 4. Gestational age at birth……… ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT04859348
Study type Interventional
Source University of Lahore
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date November 1, 2020
Completion date April 16, 2021

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