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NCT ID: NCT05206461 Completed - Quality of Life Clinical Trials

Relationship Between Trunk Control and Hand Function and Quality of Life

Start date: January 1, 2020
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Increasing quality of life and improving hand functions are very substantial treatment goals for physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Trunk control is important for these parameters in children with hemiparetic and diparetic Cerebral Palsy.

NCT ID: NCT05206357 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Indolent Non-hodgkin Lymphoma

Study of the Adverse Events and Change in Disease State of Pediatric Participants (and Young Adults Between the Ages of 18-25) With Relapsed/Refractory Aggressive Mature B-cell Neoplasms Receiving Subcutaneous (SC) Injections of Epcoritamab

Start date: May 9, 2022
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

The most common types of mature B-cell lymphomas (MBLs) in children are Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Initial treatment cures 90% - 95% of children with these malignancies, leaving a very small population of relapsed/refractory disease with a poor prognosis. The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of epcoritamab in pediatric participants with relapsed/refractory aggressive mature B-cell neoplasms and young adult participants with Burkitt's or Burkitt-like lymphoma/leukemia. Adverse events and change in disease activity will be assessed. Epcoritamab is an investigational drug being developed for the treatment of relapsed/refractory aggressive mature B-cell neoplasms. Participants will receive subcutaneous (SC) of epcoritamab. Approximately 15 pediatric participants with a diagnosis of relapsed/refractory aggressive mature B-cell neoplasms and and young adult participants, ages of 18-25, with a diagnosis of Burkitt's or Burkitt-like lymphoma/leukemia will be enrolled at 50 sites globally. Participants will receive subcutaneous epcoritamab in 28-day cycles. Participants will be followed for a minimum of 3 years after enrollment. There may be higher treatment burden for participants in this trial compared to their standard of care. Participants will attend regular visits during the study at an approved institution (hospital or clinic). The effect of the treatment will be frequently checked by medical assessments, blood tests, questionnaires and side effects.

NCT ID: NCT05206136 Recruiting - Neck Pain Clinical Trials

Cervical and Lumbal Region Muscle Architecture in Individuals With Low Back and Neck Pain

Start date: January 6, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Back or neck problems often begin with an injury and often include a muscle injury. Injury of muscle fibers can occur due to trauma, disease, myotoxic agents, inflammatory processes, and intense exercise. The level of muscle injury in low back or neck problems is unknown. However, the relationship between muscle injury and pain has been studied intensively. Injury to skeletal muscles occurs when muscle activation begins abruptly and rapidly with muscle lengthening. Muscle pain that occurs with eccentric exercise peaks 24-48 hours after the exercise. Studies on this subject have generally focused on muscle fatigue, changes in the physiological structure of the muscle, and which muscle fiber types are injured more. Experimental studies focused on the results of skeletal muscle injury with early activation of the muscle during eccentric exercises. For example, it has been shown that mechanical changes in the tibialis anterior muscle occur in the first 5-7 minutes of exercise during eccentric exercise. Studies on the back and neck muscles are rare, and it has been stated that fatigue in these muscles plays an active role in the mechanism of injury. It is very difficult to accept this view directly, because there are different types of muscle fibers in the lower back and neck muscles. In terms of low back and neck pain and muscle injury, specific studies on muscle fiber types are required. In addition, muscle strength together with pain can change the load distribution to anatomical structures. However, muscle activity alters spinal stability and kinematics. It has been found that the M. Sternocleideomasteideus (M.SCM) muscle shows 5%-10% elongation tension during muscle activation, along with retraction in whiplash injuries. In deep muscle groups, this rate varies between 10% and 20%. It is not known to what extent the architectural features of the muscle change with these muscle tensions and to what extent the injury occurs when active extension occurs. It is clear that the relationship between muscle pain and injury should be examined in terms of biomechanical modeling, muscle architecture and outcomes. Muscle length, fiber length, pennation angle, and physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) values of many muscle groups, primarily the M.SCM and M.Transversus Abdominus muscles, were analyzed in healthy individuals. However, it is not known how it changes in individuals with low back or neck pain. For this reason, if the architectural features of the cervical and lumbar region muscles can be determined, since they are the muscles that are most affected by low back and neck problems and then exercised the most by physiotherapists, the relationship between injury and pain can be examined and correct muscle function can be achieved. The emergence of different values from healthy muscle architecture will be valuable in terms of correct exercise planning and proper function in individuals with low back and neck problems. The aim of working with this idea is to evaluate the architectural features of the cervical and lumbar region muscles in individuals with problems characterized by low back and neck pain.

NCT ID: NCT05205434 Recruiting - COVID-19 Clinical Trials

Efficacy of Synchronous and Asynchronous Telerehabilitation in COVID-19 Discharges

Start date: September 25, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Investigators aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise programs given by synchronous and asynchronous telerehabilitation methods in patients after discharge from COVID-19.

NCT ID: NCT05205278 Completed - Clinical trials for Physical Performance

Effect of Progressive Isolated Core Stability Training

Start date: September 1, 2012
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Forty-two adolescent female volleyball athletes (16.0±1.4 years) were randomly divided into two groups. Group 1 was the training group and, in addition to the routine volleyball training programmes, underwent an 8-week (3 days/week) progressive core stability training programme. Group 2 was the control group and only did routine volleyball training, with no core stability training. Main outcome measures: Shoulder IR and ER strength, medicine ball throw (MBT), modified push up (MPU) and closed kinetic chain (CKC) upper extremity stability tests were used to evaluate physical performance.

NCT ID: NCT05204238 Recruiting - Heart Failure Clinical Trials

Follow Up of acuTe Heart failUre: a pRospective Echocardiographic and Clinical Study (FUTURE)

FUTURE-HIT
Start date: September 1, 2020
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Acute heart failure (AHF) is defined as rapid onset or rapid worsening of typical signs and symptoms of heart failure (HF) according to the 2016 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines. AHF is the first cause of hospitalization in people over 65 in Western countries, accounting for more than 1 million hospitalizations per year in the USA. This disease has many repercussions not only in terms of mortality and morbidity, but also in terms of resources and infrastructures necessary for these patients' treatment, which constitutes a high economic burden for the national health care system. Even with growing knowledge and means, nowadays, the prognosis of AHF is still poor and there are no proven therapies that lead to long-term benefits in terms of reduced mortality. A better management of the acute phase of decompensation, including the definition of effective diagnostic-therapeutic workup and the use of innovative drugs, could improve the course of the disease, with positive effects on the patient (gain in survival and reduction of admissions), but also on the community (containment of the overall health costs). In recent years, numerous scores have been outlined in various AHF settings, considering only a small number of parameters. Several prognostic models have been developed suggesting how difficult it is to evaluate the AHF patients' prognosis. All this effort towards the development of so numerous prognostic models is justified by the fact that, despite the evolution of treatments, the risk of re-hospitalization and of both intrahospital mortality and after discharge remains high. Several studies have investigated potential prognostic factors that could help evaluating the risk of cardiovascular events, but now there is no accurate and complete prognostic score, particularly for AHF patients. Therefore, to date there are no accurate scores or determinants of short- and medium-term prognosis that allow to improve the management of these patients. This will be an observational, prospective, multicentric, international, non-commercial (non-profit) study. The primary endpoint will be to evaluate the best parameters, among clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic variables assessed within 24 hours from the hospital admission and before discharge, that are able to predict rehospitalization for HF and cardiovascular death at 3 and 6 months, in patients admitted to the cardiology department for acute exacerbation of chronic HF or de novo AHF.

NCT ID: NCT05203783 Completed - Low Back Pain Clinical Trials

Short-term Effects of Kinesio Taping in Patients With Mechanical Low Back Pain

Start date: August 8, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of Kinesio tape (KT) combined with supervised exercise programs compared to exercise alone on pain, lumbar range of motion, and self-reported disability of adults with mechanical low back pain (LBP). Methods: This was a randomized, controlled clinical trial carried out on 60 individuals with mechanical LBP. Participants were randomly assigned to the control group (n=30) that received McKenzie exercises for 7 days or experimental group (n=30) that received KT application in addition to McKenzie exercises for 7 days. Pain measured by visual analogue scale, lumbar range of motion, and the disability measured by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used as outcome measures. Pre and Post measurements were taken at baseline and after 7 days.

NCT ID: NCT05203159 Recruiting - Pain Clinical Trials

The Effect of Ocean Sound In Premature Retinopathy Examination

Start date: November 25, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Purpose: It was planned as a randomized controlled experiment in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the ocean sound on pain, comfort and physiological parameters in the NICU, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) examination. Design: This is single-center. randomized controlled trial, double blind, parallel. Hypotheses: H0a: There is no difference between the pain levels (scale score) of premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. H0b: There is no difference between the comfort levels (scale score) of premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. H0c: There is no difference between the physiological parameters of the premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. H1a: There is a difference between the pain levels (scale score) of premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. H1b: There is a difference between the comfort levels (scale score) of premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. H1c: There is a difference between the physiological parameters of the premature babies in the control group and the ocean sound group. Method: The population of the research will be preterm babies who are treated at Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Medical Faculty NICU and will have their first ROP examination. Premature babies to be included in the study will be assigned to two study groups using the quadruple balanced block randomization method created in the computer environment according to their gestational age. In the study, the baby information form, Premature Baby Pain Profile Scale-Revised Form (PIPP-R), and Premature Baby Comfort Scale (PBIC) created by the researcher by scanning the literature will be used. Data will be collected by researcher GA. Infants who meet the criteria for inclusion in the study will be selected from the infants who are planned to undergo an ROP examination, and written and verbal consent will be obtained from the families by explaining the purpose of the study before the application. The information contained in the "Baby Information Form" will be obtained from the nurse observation form and patient files. On the day of the ROP examination, babies who meet the inclusion criteria before the procedure will be recorded outside the incubator with a video recorder in the room where the ROP examination will be performed (a room with 45-50 dB sound). Two minutes before the ROP, the baby will be monitored and physiological parameters will be recorded, and one minute before the ROP, the experimental group will start to listen to the ocean sound (Video recordings will be evaluated by two experts, PIPP-R and PBIC). After the necessary disinfection process is done, the voice recorder will be placed in the incubator at a distance of 20 cm from the baby's head and the sound level will be adjusted to an average of 55 decibels. The examination will begin with the placement of the speculum in the eye. The duration of the examination varies according to the visibility of the retinal vascularity, and the examination will end with the removal of the speculum from the eye. Ocean Sound Group; The ocean sound recording will continue to be played during the ROP examination. Control Group; No sound will be played before, during and after the ROP examination. Physiological parameters will be recorded at the 1st and 5th minutes after the procedure. (Video recordings will be evaluated by two experts for PIPP-R and PBIC). Video recording will be stopped.Ocean Sound Group;The ocean sound recording will be played at the 5th minute after the ROP inspection. Control Group; No sound will be played before, during and after the ROP examination.

NCT ID: NCT05202665 Active, not recruiting - Dental Caries Clinical Trials

Resin Infiltration and Fluoride Varnish Lesion Arresting Efficacy on Non-cavitated Proximal Lesion

Start date: September 26, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Protection of dental hard tissues is one of the most important points of cariology. For this purpose, oral hygiene training (effective brushing and motivation), non-invasive approaches such as flouride varnish applications and micro-invasive approaches such as resin infiltration technique are applied in clinical practice. In this study, the effect of resin infiltration or fluoride varnish application on lesion depth in individuals with moderate/high caries risk was investigated. The study was a randomized controlled, prospective and parallel designed clinical trial. 60 patients were included in the study and patients were randomly allocate to the groups. Caries risk of individuals was determined according to Cariogram, which is a computer program․ According to visual clinical examination, stage the caries continuum were (ICDAS 1,2) scored and the caries diagnostic criteria scored acording to (Nyvad 1, 2, 4, 5) The teeth wich has one caries lesion in border of enamel or prolonged to first 1/3 part of dentin in bite-wing radiograph (lesion level: E1, E2, D1) included in this study. Patient's gingival condition evaluating at initial and control sessions with gingival index (0=healthy, 1=mild inflammation, 2=moderate inflammation and bleeding on pressure). Oral hygiene training was given to all subjects included in the study and the use of fluoride toothpaste (1450 ppm, NaF) was recommended. This study was performed in a single center by experienced physicians. Resin infiltration (Icon DMG, USA) was applied to one of the groups(n=30), while fluoride varnish (ClinproTM White Varnish 22600 ppm, 3M ESPE, USA) was applied to the other group(n=30). The patients follow-up time was anticipated for 60 months in 6-month periods. The inicial visual clinical examination(T0) and follow-up sessions (T 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10) were conducted by two experienced researchers blind to the group information. At the aim of the study, evaluation difference in non-cavited proximal lesion progression between the resin infiltration (micro-invasive) and fluoride varnish (non-invasive) treatment options at the individuals with moderate or high risk of caries.

NCT ID: NCT05202470 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

Effectiveness of Telehealth Program in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Start date: January 6, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Diabetes education is of great importance in the effective management of diabetes. Studies have shown that patients given diabetes education have positive developments in their ability to manage the disease and their attitudes towards the disease. The aim of the study is to compare the education given to individuals with Type 2 diabetes via mobile phone and the education given to individuals via brochures with conventional methods.