There are about 7147 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Sweden. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Residual limping after total hip arthroplasty is a serious complication that lacks effective treatment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a surgical treatment for residual limping and compare its results with non-surgical treatment. Our hypothesis is that surgical treatment followed by physiotherapy increases hip function and reduces limping compared with non-surgical treatment with physiotherapy alone.
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) is a treatable disease of the elderly, typically causing gait impariment, dementia and urinary incontinence. The objective of this study is to make an epidemiological survey of INPH in Umeå, Sweden. Subjects with self-perceived gait impairments will be identified through a questionnaire. They will go through clinical examinations and have an MRI of the brain. A control population will also be investigated to enable comparisons between the populations. The main hypothesis is that the prevalence of INPH in the population is higher than what is previoulsy known.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia and the number of patients with AF is expected to increase substantially in the coming decades. One third of patients with AF report no AF-associated symptoms, but up to one-fourth report severe symptoms. It is unclear why patients' experience of AF-related symptoms varies so much. We have previously shown that patients with symptomatic AF exhibit lower pain tolerance than patients with asymptomatic AF, as well as impaired pain inhibitory control and facilitated summation of pain, indicating that pain sensitisation may be of importance in symptomatic AF. In patients with chronic pain conditions, several biomarkers and epigenetic markers associated with generation and /or maintenance of chronic pain have been identified. Previous research of biomarkers and epigenetic markers associated with pain is sparse in patients with AF. The objective is to study levels of biomarkers and epigenetic markers in blood in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF (n=100), in relation to severity of AF symptoms, and compared to age- and sex-matched controls without AF (n=100). Blood will be obtained before and after AF ablation and levels of biomarkers, epigenetic markers and cardiac and inflammatory markers, analysed. Patients will complete an AF-specific symptom and a generic health-related quality of life questionnaire. In the future, biomarkers and epigenetic markers associated with pain may be used as a tool for evaluation of patients with AF and have an impact on individualized management. Another possibility is a rationale for future studies of novel analgesics that neutralize biomarkers or antagonizes its receptors.
The study aims to investigate pathophysiological changes in coagulation in relation to inflammation in patients with acute pancreatitis. Serum and plasma is sampled repeated days from admission. Analysis will be done after recruitment. Specific biomarkers accuracy for prediction of moderate and severer acute pancreatitis will be calculated.
ICU patients often suffer from rapid and severe muscle loss. It is not known if physical therapy can mitigate the muscle wasting associated with critical illness. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of resistance exercise on muscle protein turnover in ICU patients. The investigators hypothesize that resistance exercise, in addition to amino acid supplementation and routine physiotherapy, results in an improved lower limb muscle protein balance compared to amino acid supplementation and routine physiotherapy alone.
Researchers are looking for a better way to treat children who have chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is long-term kidney disease, and proteinuria, a condition in which a person´s kidneys leak protein into the urine. The kidneys filter waste and fluid from the blood to form urine. In children with CKD, the kidney´s filters do not work as well as they should. This can lead to accumulation of waste and fluid in the body and proteinuria. CKD can lead to other medical problems, such as high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Vice versa, hypertension and proteinuria can also contribute to worsening of CKD. Therefore, the treatment of CKD aims to control blood pressure and proteinuria. There are treatments available for doctors to prescribe to children with CKD and hypertension and/or proteinuria. These include "angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors" (ACEI) and "angiotensin receptor blockers" (ARB). Both ACEI and ARB can improve kidney function by helping the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) to work normally. The RAAS is a system that works with the kidneys to control blood pressure and the balance of fluid and electrolytes in the blood. In people with CKD, the RAAS is often too active, which can stop the kidneys from working properly and cause hypertension and proteinuria. However, ACEI or ARB treatment alone does not work for all patients with CKD as they only target the angiotensin part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The study treatment, finerenone, is expected to help control RAAS overactivation together with an ACEI or ARB. So, the researchers in this study want to learn more about whether finerenone given in addition to either an ACEI or ARB can help their kidney function. The main purpose of this study is to learn more about whether finerenone added to either ACEI or ARB can help reduce the amount of protein in the participants' urine more than a placebo. A placebo looks like a treatment but does not have any medicine in it. Participants will also continue to receive their other medications. To see how the treatment work, the doctors will take samples of the participants' urine to measure their protein levels before and during taking treatment and after their last treatment. In addition, blood samples will be taken to monitor kidney function, electrolytes and the amount of finerenone in the blood as well as for other tests. This study will include children with CKD and proteinuria aged from 6 months up to less than 18 years. The participants will take: - either finerenone or the placebo, in addition to - either ACEI or ARB, whichever they take as part of their normal treatment Two visits are required up to 104 days, to check whether a child can take part in the treatment phase of the study. If participants qualify for the treatment phase, they will then undergo treatment for about 180 days. During this time, they will visit the study site at least 7 times. During these visits, the participants will: - have their blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, height and weight measured - have blood and urine samples taken - have physical examinations - have their heart examined by an electrocardiogram and echocardiography (a sonogram of the heart) - answer questions about their medication and whether they have any adverse events , or have their parents or guardians answer - answer questions about how they are feeling, or have their parents or guardians answer - answer question about how they like the study medication, or have their parents or guardians answer The doctors will keep track of any adverse events. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments. The doctors will check the participants' health about 30 days after the participants take their last treatment.
Observational retrospective study of patients in need of acute surgical care admitted to Skåne University Hospital between 2009 and 2019.
Thromboembolisms (TEs) in patients with critical COVID-19 has been reported to be three times higher than for other critically ill patients. Immunothrombosis has been proposed as a plausible mechanism for COVID-19 coagulopathy. Corticosteroids improve survival in patients with critical COVID-19, and likely even more so with a higher dose. However, the evidence regarding the impact on the incidence of thromboembolic and bleeding events are currently uncharted. The aim of this study is to investigate if there is a difference in the incidence of thromboembolic events during ICU stay in patients with critical COVID-19 when treated with 12 mg dexamethasone compared to 6 mg dexamethasone.
Imaginal exposure is a widely used and effective psychological treatment technique. Recent research suggests that neural activations and emotional responses during imaginal exposure are similar to those elicited during in vivo exposure. However, to the investigators knowledge, no direct comparison between in vivo and imaginal exposure has been performed during neuroimaging. This study compares neural activations and emotional responses during imaginal and in vivo exposure. This study also explores the generalizability of fear reduction achieved through imaginal exposure to fear responses elicited by in vivo stimuli, and vice versa, in a follow-up session approximately one week later. A better understanding of the mechanisms behind both types of exposure could have significant clinical utility, as well as elucidate the differences between fear created from outward stimuli and fear created from inward stimuli, such as mental imagery.
The aim of the present study is to compare the efficiency of low FODMAP and SSRD to reduce symptoms in IBS, and to study the mechanisms and consequences of the two diets.