There are about 15267 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Spain. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
It is well established that a bout of 50 min of continuous moderate intensity exercise, improves insulin sensitivity up to 48 hours after the bout. However, it is less well known, what is the exercise type more efficient to buffer the elevations in blood glucose elicited by carbohydrate ingestion. The purpose of this study is to elucidate if intervalic exercise is superior to continous on improving postprandial glycemic control.
The investigators have developed an investigation comparing electroacupuncture with pelvic floor exercises in female urinary incontinence (UI). It is a randomized clinical trial with 71 women with UI and two arms: 37 women received electroacupuncture with pelvic floor exercises and another arm with 34 women who only received pelvic floor exercises. The investigators evaluated the effectiveness using the International consultation on incontinence questionaire-urinary incontinence short form (ICQ-UI SF) Spanish version. The investigators also evaluated the safety of electroacupuncture in our sample.
Sport is a privileged area to promote socialization and health values, such as companionship; a healthy lifestyle; cooperation to achieve common goals, and justice, rejecting unjustified advantages in competition. The concept of fair play is on which the development of those values pivots. From a holistic perspective, it is possible to define fair play, not only as a way to participate but also as a way of projecting people in life with values, assuming a set of behaviors that enhance a healthy and respectful sporting experience with opponents, the companions, the spectators, the referees and all the agents that take part in the sport practice.
INTRODUCTION: Physical exercise, when practiced regularly and in adequate doses, is a proven nonpharmacological measure that helps to prevent and reverse noncommunicable diseases, as well as reduce mortality rates from any cause. In general, older adults perform insufficient physical activity and do not meet the doses recommended by the World Health Organization for the improvement of health through physical activity. OBJECTIVE: Our main aim will be to evaluate the effect of a 6-week intervention on health-related outcomes (body composition, hemodynamic and functionality changes) in 24 individuals aged 65 and older with multimorbidity. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The study was a 2 x 2 randomized controlled trial using a two-group design (exercise vs. control) and two repeated measures (pre- vs. postintervention). The intervention (on the MOTOmed Muvi) will consist of a very low volume (60 minutes per week) of low-to-moderate intensity exercise training to assess body composition evaluation, hemodynamic parameter evaluation and functional evaluation. Participants will be recruited at the Gerontological Complex La Milagrosa (A Coruña, Spain), consisting of a daycare center and a nursing home. For the statistical analysis, nonparametric ANOVA type statistics and mixed models for repeated measures will be used.
The purposes of the study are 1) to know the concentrations of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabidiol (CBD) and other cannabinoids in blood, urine, oral fluid and sweat after the experimental administration of a standardized cannabis preparation orally (decoction and oil) and vaporized 2) to evaluate the pharmacological acute effects and tolerability
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical impact of a program for the secondary prevention of drug-realted problems (DRP) focused on the patient empowerment through Digital Health in patients who visit the Emergency Department (ED) of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (HSCiSP) for a health problem related to medication in terms of readmissions, revisits and quality of life.
The main objective of this project is to compare the effectiveness of combining different recovery methods on perceptual and physical performance on soccer players.
Cognitive disorders increase with age and in the presence of metabolic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). In addition, digestive disorders, changes in dietary pattern and decreased activity negatively influence the microbiome. The hypothesis is that pharmacological intervention with metformin will modify the composition of the gut microbiota and cognition. The study has a pilot longitudinal design, where each patient with T2DM will be followed for one year. Two groups will be recruited: 1. Group A: The aim will be to evaluate the associations between glucose (measured by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)), cognitive function (by means of cognitive tests and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)), physical activity (recorded by physical activity monitor), metformin, diet (evaluated by nutritional survey) and composition of the microbiota (evaluated by metagenomics), during 12 months (6 months without metformin and 6 months with metformin treatment). 2. Group B: The aim will be to evaluate the associations between glucose, diet (evaluated by nutritional survey), cognitive function (by means of cognitive tests), physical activity (measured by physical activity monitor), the treatment and composition of the microbiota (evaluated by metagenomics), during 12 months.
Aims: To identify the predictors associated with smoking cessation in smokers under treatment for alcohol and/or cannabis treated in drug treatment centers (DTC). Methodology: Mixed methods project with qualitative and quantitative designs (three studies). Study I discussion groups: of clinical professionals of DTC to explore the barriers/facilitators of these smokers in quitting and the interventions carried out. Study II Prospective cohort of smokers in alcohol and/or cannabis treatment that will be followed-up for 12 months. Sample size: difference in incidence (exposed to cessation interventions versus non-exposed = 12 per 100 years), α = 0.05, β = 0.10, losses = 20% (n = 726). Dependent variables: self-reported and verified tobacco consumption abstinence, quit attempts, motivation, and self-efficacy. Independent variables: age, sex, the substance under treatment. Analysis: incidence, relative risk and simple and multiple logistic regression models (odds ratio and confidence interval, CI, 95%) of quitting. Study III discussion groups: with smokers under alcohol and/or cannabis treatment selected according to their typology. Analysis: of thematic content and triangulation qualitative and quantitative results. Expected results: Characterization of variables that influence tobacco cessation, to improve the design of interventions.
Infant colic (CL) is a common disorder that affects approximately 8-33% of newborns during the first months of life. Typically defined as "crying that lasts at least 3 hours a day, and occurs at least 3 days a week over a 3-week period." Osteopathic manual therapy is presented as an effective and safe alternative to CL treatment. The main objective of the study is to quantify possible changes in daily crying hours and hours of sleep, the severity of CL, the frequency of episodes, changes in stool and possible adverse effects. The study hypothesis argues that the application of osteopathic manual therapy in babies with CL produces an improvement in the hours of daily crying, the frequency of episodes, the severity of colic and the hours of sleep. A controlled RCT will be performed where the evaluator and the parents will be blinded with respect to the allocation group for each subject. Subjects who meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria will be randomly assigned to the experimental group (EG), placebo group (PG) and control group (CG) using a table of random numbers by a person from outside the research. The EG diagnosis treatment using techniques of osteopathic manual therapy, vertebral mobilization, cranial techniques and visceral mobilization, according to the diagnostic criteria of the therapist. The PG will be made up of those subjects who have been randomly assigned to said group, and completed with those whose parents do not accept the condition of blinding. Subjects belonging to this group will receive the application of the turned off ultrasound applied to the abdominal region for 10 minutes. The CG has no treatment. A total of 3 procedures were performed, one per week, problems with the chronology in all groups (days 0, 7 and 14 if required). The therapist in charge of performing the operations will be a Physiotherapist and Osteopath with more than 10 years of experience. The evaluations will be carried out by a healthcare professional with more than 10 years of experience. The evaluator will be blinded. Parents blinded with respect to the allocation group of each subject until the end of the study. To analyze the main variable of the study (total hours of excessive crying per day), use the crying diary completed by the parents. The Infantile Colic Severity Questionnaire (ICSQ) will be applied to evaluate the secondary variables (sleep, feces, frequency of episodes and severity of colic).