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NCT ID: NCT05204693 Recruiting - Left Heart Failure Clinical Trials

Visa-versa! Breaking Instead of Pushing the Pedals-C

Start date: February 15, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Eccentric muscle work is defined as lengthening of a muscle while applying force. It was shown that with eccentric work, muscles are able to perform four times as much power compared to usual concentric work, which results in huge training gain with a highly decreased oxygen demand and thus lower cardiovascular load. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a chronic condition associated with significant reduced exercise capacity and increased morbidity and mortality, resulting in reduced quality of life. Physical training has been shown to be beneficial in PH, even in severely limited patients. However, due to cardiopulmonary constraints in PH, training intensities may be very low, so that many patients are physically almost unable to perform exercise on a high enough level to maintain muscle mass. A low body muscle not only feeds the vicious cycle of decreasing exercise capacity, but also has many deleterious metabolic and immunological consequences which further increase disability and decrease quality of life in PH. Thus, eccentric training, which allows to gain muscle mass with a low stress to the cardiopulmonary unit may to be highly beneficial for patients with PH and allied cardiopulmonary disease, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure. Therefore, the objective of the trial is, to compare differences in oxygen uptake (peak VO2 [l/min]) and other physiological measures during similar cardiopulmonary exercise test protocols of eccentric- vs. concentric cycling in PH- patients and comparators with or without other cardiopulmonary diseases.

NCT ID: NCT05204472 Not yet recruiting - Neuropathic Pain Clinical Trials

Thalamic-Burst-DBS for Neuropathic Pain

Start date: June 1, 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Central post-stroke pain (CPSP) is a neuropathic pain syndrome and one of the major sequelae after ischemic or hemorrhagic cerebral stroke. Recently, a modified stimulation paradigm has been developed in the field of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for a variety of neuropathic pain disorders. To date, this stimulation paradigm has not yet been evaluated systematically for deep brain stimulation to treat neuropathic pain disorders. The purpose of this clinical investigation is to investigate if Burst-DBS of the thalamus is more effective compared to classical continuous low-frequency stimulation DBS to reduce the subjective pain intensity in patients with chronic neuropathic pain after stroke or in patients with neuropathic facial pain.

NCT ID: NCT05204199 Recruiting - Bladder Cancer Clinical Trials

Role of Microbiome in BCG Responsiveness Prediction

SILENTEMPIRE
Start date: January 20, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

Our primary aim is to investigate the use of microbial profile from the bladder and the feces of NMIBC patients as a predicting tool for therapy response prior to BCG administration. Our second aim is to collect additional samples (blood, instrumented urine, bladder tissue, feces) to establish a local biobank for future microbiome projects.

NCT ID: NCT05203146 Completed - Communication Clinical Trials

PIMPmyHospital: a Mobile App to Improve Emergency Care Efficiency and Communication

Start date: September 6, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This pilot study is a prospective, single-center, randomized, controlled trial in a tertiary pediatric emergency department with two parallel groups of voluntary post-graduate year [PGY] 1 to 5 pediatric residents and registered pediatric emergency nurses. The impact of an mHealth support tool will be compared to conventional methods on the retrieval of laboratory data from the patient's electronic record, and on team collaboration in a semi-simulated emergency department environment. Ten participants are randomized (1:1). The primary endpoint is the time from the availability of new laboratory results for a given patient to their consideration by participants, measured in minutes using a stopwatch.

NCT ID: NCT05202106 Recruiting - Child Development Clinical Trials

Digital Support Systems to Improve Child Health and Development in Peru - a Randomized Controlled Trial

DigitalECD
Start date: September 1, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

About 250 million children under age five are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential due to continued exposure to ill health, malnutrition and lack of appropriate learning environments. A large number of initiatives have been launched in recent years to support early childhood development, with home visiting programs increasingly being recognized as a key strategy for improving child wellbeing. However, the most effective ways to reach families in low income settings remain unclear due to the large expense associated with personal family visits. In this project, we assess the effectiveness and equity of a newly developed digital platform designed to deliver evidence-based, individualized parenting support through automated services. The Afinidata platform uses state-of-the art machine learning algorithms to allow caregivers to get answers to questions about child health and development, while also identifying and promoting age- and development-appropriate activities for parents to support their children. We will collaborate with partners in Peru to rigorously assess the reach, impact and cost effectiveness of this digital platform in a poor rural population through a randomized controlled trial. Our work will follow a mixed-methods evaluation approach with repeated feedback into the Afinidata system. A total of 2400 newborns will be enrolled in a randomized controlled trial in San Marcos, Peru, and followed up for two years. The primary study outcome will be children's healthy development at 24 months of age assessed through the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (BSID-III). Secondary outcomes will be systems utilization, program coverage and cost-effectiveness, as well as caregiver satisfaction. If proven effective, this innovative digital platform may increase global access to low-cost parental support -a widely recognized key strategy for improving child well-being.

NCT ID: NCT05200936 Recruiting - ADHD Clinical Trials

Safety and Efficacy of Low Dose MM-120 for ADHD Proof of Concept Trial

Start date: December 17, 2021
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study measures the safety and efficacy of repeated low dose MM-120 as treatment for ADHD in adults: a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled

NCT ID: NCT05200117 Not yet recruiting - Cervix; Pregnancy Clinical Trials

Pregnolia System Intra-observer Variability

Start date: January 12, 2022
Phase:
Study type: Observational

The Pregnolia System is a CE-marked medical device assessing the mechanical stiffness of cervical tissue in women. The Pregnolia Probe has been engineered to minimize the influence of differences in handling and technique by the user. This project aims to study intra-observer variability of the Pregnolia System in pregnant women in the clinical setting. Furthermore, a same day repeated measurement serves to investigate the time period needed to recover the pre-measurement stiffness state due to viscoelasticity of the cervical tissue.

NCT ID: NCT05196035 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Chronic Kidney Disease

A Study to Learn More About How Well the Study Treatment Finerenone Works, How Safe it is, How it Moves Into, Through, and Out of the Body, and the Effects it Has on the Body When Taken With an ACE Inhibitor or Angiotensin Receptor Blocker in Children With Chronic Kidney Disease and Proteinuria

FIONA
Start date: January 19, 2022
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

Researchers are looking for a better way to treat children who have chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is long-term kidney disease, and proteinuria, a condition in which a person´s kidneys leak protein into the urine. The kidneys filter waste and fluid from the blood to form urine. In children with CKD, the kidney´s filters do not work as well as they should. This can lead to accumulation of waste and fluid in the body and proteinuria. CKD can lead to other medical problems, such as high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Vice versa, hypertension and proteinuria can also contribute to worsening of CKD. Therefore, the treatment of CKD aims to control blood pressure and proteinuria. There are treatments available for doctors to prescribe to children with CKD and hypertension and/or proteinuria. These include "angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors" (ACEI) and "angiotensin receptor blockers" (ARB). Both ACEI and ARB can improve kidney function by helping the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) to work normally. The RAAS is a system that works with the kidneys to control blood pressure and the balance of fluid and electrolytes in the blood. In people with CKD, the RAAS is often too active, which can stop the kidneys from working properly and cause hypertension and proteinuria. However, ACEI or ARB treatment alone does not work for all patients with CKD as they only target the angiotensin part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. The study treatment, finerenone, is expected to help control RAAS overactivation together with an ACEI or ARB. So, the researchers in this study want to learn more about whether finerenone given in addition to either an ACEI or ARB can help their kidney function. The main purpose of this study is to learn more about whether finerenone added to either ACEI or ARB can help reduce the amount of protein in the participants' urine more than a placebo. A placebo looks like a treatment but does not have any medicine in it. Participants will also continue to receive their other medications. To see how the treatment work, the doctors will take samples of the participants' urine to measure their protein levels before and during taking treatment and after their last treatment. In addition, blood samples will be taken to monitor kidney function, electrolytes and the amount of finerenone in the blood as well as for other tests. This study will include children with CKD and proteinuria aged from 6 months up to less than 18 years. The participants will take: - either finerenone or the placebo, in addition to - either ACEI or ARB, whichever they take as part of their normal treatment Two visits are required up to 104 days, to check whether a child can take part in the treatment phase of the study. If participants qualify for the treatment phase, they will then undergo treatment for about 180 days. During this time, they will visit the study site at least 7 times. During these visits, the participants will: - have their blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, height and weight measured - have blood and urine samples taken - have physical examinations - have their heart examined by an electrocardiogram and echocardiography (a sonogram of the heart) - answer questions about their medication and whether they have any adverse events , or have their parents or guardians answer - answer questions about how they are feeling, or have their parents or guardians answer - answer question about how they like the study medication, or have their parents or guardians answer The doctors will keep track of any adverse events. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments. The doctors will check the participants' health about 30 days after the participants take their last treatment.

NCT ID: NCT05195619 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Personalized DC Vaccines in Non Small Cell Lung Cancer

Start date: December 10, 2021
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

Phase Ib clinical trial using autologous dendritric cell (DC) vaccine loaded with personalized peptides (PEP) given in combination with low-dose cyclophosphamide, as standard of care (SOC) therapy in patients with advanced or recurrent metastatic NSCLC.

NCT ID: NCT05193734 Recruiting - Pertussis Clinical Trials

Safety and Immunogenicity of 2 Doses Versus 1 Dose of Acellular Pertussis Vaccines Containing Genetically-detoxified Pertussis Toxin in Young Adults Previously Primed With Acellular Pertussis Vaccines

Pertagen2x
Start date: February 7, 2022
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

A significant increase of pertussis incidence is reported in a growing number of countries. This resurgence is considered as resulting from the limited durability of aP-vaccine-induced immunity and is associated with increased mortality in young infants and morbidity at all age groups. As the pertussis immunity acquired through immunization or infection is short-lived, its maintenance or reactivation requires repeat boosting at regular time points. Thus, novel strategies capable of reactivating pertussis immunity are needed. The efficacy of current acellular pertussis vaccines (which contain chemically-detoxified pertussis toxoid (PT)) rapidly wanes, in part because priming and repeat immunization with acellular vaccines induce antibodies specific for the chemically-detoxified PT but unable to efficiently recognize the native PT expressed by B. pertussis. Clinical studies have shown the superior immunogenicity profile of acellular pertussis vaccines including genetically-detoxified PT (rPT) in adults and adolescents previously primed with aP. In particular, the investigators showed in a past Geneva study in teenagers previously primed with aP that rPT/FHA induced a stronger recall response than the current aP-vaccine at one month post-vaccination. However, the difference was less clear one year after vaccination, suggesting that 2 doses may be needed for more sustained immunity. In the present study, the investigators would like to assess whether giving two doses of rPT/FHA at 6 months interval induces stronger immune responses than a single dose.