There are about 24133 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Canada. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized trial comparing mitral valve (MV) transcatheter edge-to-edge repair (TEER) to surgical repair (1:1 ratio) in patients with primary, degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR). The trial will be conducted in the U.S., Canada, Germany and the United Kingdom, and is designed as a strategy trial. Thus, all devices legally marketed for TEER of primary degenerative MR in a particular country are eligible to be used in this trial.
The aim of the study is to show that rapid, simple targeted radiotherapy to brain metastases with 8 Gy / 1 is non-inferior to 20 Gy / 5 in terms of overall survival for patients with poor prognosis.
DESTINY-Lung04 will investigate the efficacy and safety of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan (T-DXd) versus Standard of Care (SoC) as first-line treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) with HER2 Exon 19 or 20 mutations
A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial will be conducted to evaluate vortioxetine, an antidepressant with established pro-cognitive properties, for the treatment of cognitive deficits which develop during or after an infection consistent with COVID-19, continue for more than 12 weeks and are not explained by an alternative diagnosis (i.e., post-COVID-19 syndrome). Participants will receive vortioxetine (10-20 mg) or placebo for 8 weeks. Changes in cognitive functioning from baseline to endpoint (week 8) will be assessed via the Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST).
Frail older adults are commonly prescribed blood pressure medication, yet it is unclear if blood pressure medication is actually beneficial for them. Observational studies in this population suggest blood pressure medication has limited benefit and may even be harmful, including an increased risk for falls and cognitive impairment. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm this. This study is a randomized controlled trial of blood pressure medication deprescribing, amongst long-term care residents with systolic blood pressure lower than 135 mmHg. In the intervention group, with physician consent, the facility pharmacist will reduce blood pressure medication until the blood pressure reaches the target systolic blood pressure of 140 ±5 mmHg. The control group will receive usual care. The primary outcome is all-cause mortality but the study will also be tracking all-cause hospitalization or emergency room visits, hip fractures, cost of medication, and quality of life. The hypothesis is that avoiding unnecessarily low systolic blood pressure is beneficial in a frail, end-of-life population.
Yoga and mindfulness are considered complementary and alternative healthcare options that involve breathing techniques, relaxation, and bodily postures (yoga only). Research has shown a positive effect of these on depression, quality of life, and other symptoms of psychosis. As an 8-week pilot study, the goal is to offer yoga and/or mindfulness online and to explore the effect on recovery and quality of life for people with psychosis.
It has previously been reported that participatory art-based activities may improve social inclusion, well-being, quality of life and health condition. Findings from the investigator's first study seem to confirm that the MMFA participatory art-based activity may improve well-being, quality of life and health condition in older community dwellers. However, these studies were performed before the COVID-19 crisis and were guided tours performed at the MMFA. A pilot study on virtual guided tour has been performed during COVID-19 pandemic (spring 2021). There is a need to confirm benefits with a randomized clinical trial. The hypothesize for this study is that a 3-month cycle of virtual weekly MMFA tours may induce changes in social isolation, well-being, quality of life and health condition (i.e., reduction of frailty) in older community dwellers. Because there is a positive correlation between severity of frailty and the occurrence of undesirable events like Emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations, the investigator hypothesizes that virtual guided tours may decrease the frequency of ED visits and hospitalizations.
The overall objective of the proposal is to examine the epidemiology of the newly reported "motoric cognitive risk" (MCR) syndrome, which is a pre-dementia syndrome combining subjective cognitive complaint (i.e.; memory complaint) with objective slow gait speed, in the Quebec elderly population. Cognition and locomotion are two human abilities controlled by the brain. Their decline is highly prevalent with physiological and pathological aging, and is greater than the simple sum of their respective prevalence, suggesting a complex age-related interplay between cognition and locomotion. Both declines in cognition and locomotion are associated, furthermore the temporal nature of their association has been unclear for a long time. Recently, a systematic review and meta-analysis has provided evidence that poor gait performance predicts dementia and, in particular, has demonstrated that MCR syndrome is a pre-dementia syndrome, suggesting that low gait performance is the first symptom of dementia. The uniqueness of MCR syndrome is that it does not rely on a complex evaluation or laboratory investigations. Indeed, this syndrome combined subjective cognitive complaint and objective slow gait speed, and is easy to apply in population-based settings. Prevalence and incidence of MCR syndrome, as well as its association with incidence of cognitive decline and impairment, have never been reported in Canada. Nutrition as a determinant of successful aging: The Quebec longitudinal Study (the NuAge study) is a Quebec population-based observational cohort study performed in healthy older community-dwellers adults which provides a unique opportunity to: 1) obtain reliable estimates of MCR syndrome prevalence and incidence, 2) determine the distribution of clinical and biological (blood biomarkers and genetic) characteristics associated with MCR syndrome, 3) examine the association of MCR syndrome and its biological characteristics with cognitive decline and incidence of cognitive impairment in the Quebec elderly population.
Myocarditis and pericarditis are inflammatory diseases of the myocardium and pericardium, and can be related to different causes, including vaccines. In the past, some people developed inflammatory heart disease after receiving a live or inactive virus vaccine (smallpox vaccine or flu vaccine). Myocarditis was also seen in people with COVID-19. More recently, many countries reported that some people have developed an inflammatory condition of the myocardium or pericardium after receiving a vaccine for COVID-19. In the past months, doctors have noticed more people presenting to the Emergency Department with chest pain and shortness of breath after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine, symptoms that resemble myocarditis or pericarditis. These symptoms may start between 2 to 10 days following vaccination and are frequently noticed after the second dose of the vaccines. While pericarditis seems to affect people of various age groups and gender, myocarditis is more commonly seen in young males. The study will consist of two components. First, the vaccine-induced inflammatory heart disease registry will be established It will include a retrospective cohort study and a prospective, pragmatic design case-control study. We will collect clinical information and include blood samples for biomarkers at the baseline/recruitment visit and first follow-up visit. Follow-up telephone interview will be conducted at the 3-month and record search at 6m, 12m and yearly up to 10 years..
Respiratory rehabilitation is an intervention proven to improve quality of life in those with chronic lung disease but access remains poor. The investigators will assess the feasibility and acceptability of a virtual platform for respiratory rehabilitation as an alternative to in person rehabilitation. The aim is to use the technology in those post admission with COPD where access has been even more of a challenge as during this period patients find it difficult to access an out patient program due to their frailty.