There are about 27904 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Canada. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Patients with chronic respiratory disease may be prescribed oxygen therapy. Currently, the dose of oxygen flow is fixed (FixedO2) depending on activity level i.e. rest, physical activity and sleep. Automated Titration of Oxygen (AutoO2) is a closed-loop system in which the oxygen flow to the patient is continuously machine adjusted to meet the patient's immediate needs on the basis of signals from pulse oximetry (SpO2). The purpose of this study is to examine if automated oxygen control based on pulse oximetry provided to participants is superior to prescribed fixed oxygen flow in keeping SpO2 within the intended target interval of 92 to 96% arterial oxygen saturation.
The goal of this clinical trial is to compare 2 different timepoints for clamping the umbilical cord at birth for term-born infants with a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). The main questions it aims to answer are: - Does Delayed Cord Clamping at 120 seconds (DCC-120) or Delayed Cord Clamping at 30 seconds (DCC-30) after birth lead to better health outcomes? - Does DCC-120 seconds or DCC-30 seconds after birth lead to better neuromotor outcomes at 22-26 months of infant age (postnatal)? Participants will be asked to do the following: - Participate in either DCC-120 or DCC-30 at birth (randomized assignment). - Complete General Movements Assessment (GMA) at 3-4 months of infant age (postnatal), complete questionnaires / surveys at this time. - Complete questionnaires / surveys at 9-12 months of infant age (postnatal). - Complete Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE), Developmental Assessment of Young Children 2 Edition (DAYC-2), and questionnaires / surveys at 22-26 months of infant age (postnatal). - Permit data collection from electronic medical records for both the mother and infant study participants. Investigators will compare DCC-120 vs. DCC-30 to see which approach is more beneficial to both the mother and baby with CHD.
This clinical trial will investigate the ability of thromboelastrogrpahy (TEG®) to detect hypercoagulability after liver surgery and will examine the effect of extended thromboprophylaxis (medical treatment to prevent the development of blood clots inside blood vessels) in patients undergoing liver surgery for cancer treatment. The liver plays a key role in regulating the process of blood clotting. As a result, blood clots are a major cause of complications and death following liver surgery. This is especially true in cancer patients who are at a higher risk of developing blood clots. Current methods for preventing clotting complications after liver surgery include conventional coagulation blood tests (CCTs) and anticoagulant drugs, such as low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs). Current LMWH treatment is prescribed for one month after surgery, but studies show that the risk of developing blood clots can last up to 3 months. Studies also show that CCTs may not be as effective in detecting clotting issues as more comprehensive testing systems, such as TEG. This study will randomize 50 participants to receive 90 days of thromboprophylaxis (using the LMWH Redesca) or the standard of care 30 days (using the LMWH Fragmin) after liver surgery. The medication will be given by injection, similar to a regular vaccine or an insulin injection. Participants will inject the medication every day, for 30 or 90 days, after surgery. Participants will also have their blood tested for clotting issues via TEG testing before surgery and on post-operative days 1,3,5,30 and 90. After surgery, participants will be monitored by their surgeon for clotting complications and 3 year disease-free survival.
This is an open-label, single-centre study to evaluate the clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of Flunarizine administered as adjunctive treatment in participants diagnosed with treatment resistant absence epilepsy. The study goal is to see how efficient and safe flunarizine is at decreasing the frequency of absence seizures in children with treatment-resistant refractory epilepsy at doses of 5mg and 10mg once daily.
In this triple-blind randomized controlled trial, we ask if targeting intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) based on individual resting state connectivity improves treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder (MDD). For the trial, we will recruit 210 patients with major depressive disorder. Each patient will undergo a 30-40-minute MRI scan, after which they will receive a 6-week standard iTBS treatment. Participants will be randomized to receive iTBS either to the standard neuronavigated target (a technique for treatment location targeting, based on group-average connectivity) or to a personalized connectivity-guided target selected based on individual functional connectivity scans. The main outcome of this trial is response rate as determined by ≥ 50% reduction in Grid HRSD-17 scores. Secondary outcomes include remission rate, change in depression, anxiety and anhedonia symptoms, quality of life, and biological measures of heart rate variability, objective sleep measures and daily activity as a proxy of anhedonia - defined as a reduced ability to experience pleasure.
The objective of this trial is to compare the bioavailability (AUC, Tmax, and Cmax) of different Coenzyme Q10 preparations in healthy adults. Pharmacokinetic parameters of orally ingested CoQ10 such as AUC, Cmax and Tmax, as well as the ratio of reduced CoQ10 levels to total CoQ10 plasma levels (using the AUC) after administration are compared.
Researchers are looking for a better way to treat people who have deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT is a condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein in the leg. DVT is called 'proximal' when the clot is formed in the veins of the hip, thigh, and knee. DVT can cause serious health problems. The blood clots in the veins can break loose and can then travel through the bloodstream and get stuck in the lungs, blocking blood flow to the lungs. Symptoms of DVT include swelling, pain, and tenderness in the affected leg, as well as redness and warmth in the area. Currently, DVT is usually treated using blood thinners to prevent the clot from getting bigger or breaking off and traveling to the lungs. However, blood thinners may not be able to remove a blood clot quickly and may not be suitable for everyone who has DVT. BAY3018250 is a drug that works by dissolving blood clots. In this study, researchers will compare BAY3018250 with placebo to learn how well it works and how safe it is in participants with proximal DVT. A placebo looks like the study drug but does not have any medicine in it. Using a placebo helps researchers to confirm that the results observed during the study were caused by the study drug and not by other factors. The main purposes of this study are to learn: - How well BAY3018250 works in dissolving blood clots in participants with proximal DVT and - How safe is BAY3018250 as a treatment for participants with proximal DVT? For this, the researchers will use ultrasound tests to measure blood clots in participants before and at various times after study treatment. They call these measurements a clot burden score. They will compare the clot burden score before and after treatment and will calculate a complex measure called AUC. This tells researchers how the clots have changed over time. And researchers will collect the number of bleeding events that require medical attention. The study participants will be randomly (by chance) assigned to one of 3 treatment groups. Dependent on the group, they will receive a single dose of high dose or low dose of BAY3018250 or placebo. Researchers will closely monitor participants for 90 days after receiving the study treatment. During the study, the doctors and their study team will: - take blood samples - do physical examinations - examine heart health using electrocardiogram (ECG) - check vital signs such as blood pressure, heart rate - undergo ultrasound tests to measure the blood clots - ask the participants questions about how they are feeling and what adverse events they are having. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events, irrespective if they think it is related or not to the study treatments.
The knowledge that patients will not suffer untreated pain at home is central to managing supracondylar fracture (SCF) patients on an outpatient basis at a time of limited healthcare resources. The investigators hypothesize that children with uncomplicated Type II supracondylar fractures (SCF) can be sent home from the Emergency Department (ED) in a temporary cast, and that fracture pain can be safely managed opioid-free at home both before and after surgical repair. The investigators further hypothesize that managing such patients on an ambulatory out-patient basis will increase hospital-bed availability without compromising surgical outcomes.
PLTS-1 is a multicentre, randomized, controlled, pilot trial, using a conventional, parallel group, two-armed design at 2 cardiac surgery centres in Canada. The study is designed to assess the feasibility of a future, definitive RCT to determine the non-inferiority of cold-stored platelets compared to conventional platelets with respect to hemostatic effectiveness (total number of allogeneic blood products transfused within 24 hours after CPB), as well as safety.
Prospective cohort study to determine to what extent women with type 2 diabetes are achieving the time in the target range outlined for women with type 1 diabetes (70-140 mg/dl or 3.5-7.8 mmol/l), overall and by trimester, by standard CGM measures and functional data analysis