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Acute Appendicitis Without Peritonitis clinical trials

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NCT ID: NCT04462588 Completed - Medical Emergencies Clinical Trials

Immature Granulocyte [IG] Count and Percentage for Medical Treatment of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis

Start date: June 1, 2019
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

After appendectomy was first described by Mcburney in 1889, it has been the most practiced emergency surgery in the world with the lifetime incidence of acute appendicitis being 5%-25%. Most cases are uncomplicated cases without any complications and perforation (20%-30%). Although appendectomy is still a curative therapy, medical treatment has come to the fore in uncomplicated cases after improvements in imaging methods for diagnosing acute appendicitis and especially the developments in antibiotherapy. Medical treatment for acute appendicitis is, in fact, not a new condition. Practicing the option of elective surgery following intravenous antibiotherapy for plastron appendicitis that is among the complicated acute appendicitis has lead to further consideration of medical treatment. A number of studies conducted for this purpose suggest that conservative treatment in uncomplicated acute appendicitis may be a first-line treatment. Medical treatment of the uncomplicated acute appendicitis prevents negative appendectomies, which indicates that surgical removal of non-inflamed appendix ranging from 6% to 20%. In addition to preventing unnecessary organ loss, it ensures eliminating postoperative complications such as intestinal obstruction and wound site complications due to surgery. Immature granulocytes (IG) are monitored in peripheral blood as immature polymorphonuclear cells because of the activation of bone marrow. Although their counts can be determined through direct inspection, they can be provided with automated systems within complete blood count parameters as well as technological developments. The increase in their number specifically suggests the activation of the bone marrow and can provide information about the infectious process before leukocytosis is observed. This study aimed to determine the importance of IG count and percentage to evaluate the role of medical treatment and control its success in cases of uncomplicated acute appendicitis.

NCT ID: NCT03754777 Completed - Acute Appendicitis Clinical Trials

Modified Enhanced Recovery Program in Emergency Surgery (MERES)

Start date: July 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is a widespread surgical procedure. Patients may develop considerable postoperative pain and dyspepsia resulting in prolong in-hospital stay. Almost 10% of patients develop postoperative complications. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program has proven its effectiveness in elective surgery and can theoretically improve outcomes of LA. To date there is no ERAS program for LA. The aim of the study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of a modified ERAS protocol in LA.

NCT ID: NCT01421901 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Acute Appendicitis Without Peritonitis

Antibiotics Versus Surgery in Acute Appendicitis

Start date: August 2011
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The acute appendicitis (AA) is a very common disease with a life time risk 7-8% and the highest incidence in the second decades . The aetiology of AA is still poor understood: the commonest hypothesis refers to appendix obstruction followed by impairment of wall appendix barrier and thus wall perforation and/or abscess formation1. However some studies suggest that no-complicate and complicate appendicitis are different entities allowing a different treatment. The study aims to test the no inferiority in terms of efficacy of antibiotic treatment compared to surgery in a population with high probability to suffer of 1st episode of AA.The study aims to test the no inferiority in terms of efficacy of antibiotic treatment compared to surgery in a population with high probability to suffer of 1st episode of AA.