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Women with singleton pregnancies at one outpatient clinic to be recruited for controlled clinical trial. Over eight weeks, women 15 0/7--22 6/7 weeks' with at least one prior prenatal visit to be enrolled in the control group. Women 6 0/7--14 6/7 weeks' to be enrolled in the intervention group at their first prenatal visit and to receive a pregnancy-specific gestational weight gain card. Women to be encouraged to record their weight at each prenatal care visit. All women to complete a GWG knowledge--based questionnaire at 15 0/7‐22 6/7 weeks'.
Excessive weight gain, obesity and metabolic syndrome are highly prevalent in patients undergoing liver transplantation. Traditional methods of assessing dietary intake have failed to demonstrate an association between these problems and dietary intake. Patients with an indication for transplantation due to ethanolic cirrhosis, ex-smokers and those with a previous history of overweight were identified as being at greater risk for overweight and metabolic syndrome, and these factors may be related to the change in eating behavior after the operation. Objective: To evaluate the eating behavior, the occurrence of food craving and relation to weight gain, overweight and obesity after liver transplantation. Method: This is a cross-sectional study in which adult and elderly patients in follow-up at the Hepatic Transplant Outpatient Clinic of the Alpha Institute of Gastroenterology of the Federal University of Minas Gerais were evaluated for eating behavior and food craving. The evaluation of the eating behavior was performed with the help of the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-R21 (TFEQ-R21), translated version and validated for Portuguese. Food Craving Questionnaires State (FCQ-S) and Trait (FCQ-T) and the Brazilian Inventory of Foods Related to Craving (FCI-Br) were used in the translated and validated versions for Portuguese. Demographic, lifestyle, clinical and anthropometric variables of the evaluated patients were obtained through electronic medical records. Weight gain was assessed by the difference between the current weight and the first post-transplant outpatient weight.
Adverse influences starting in utero may predestine an individual's long- term risk for developing cardiometabolic diseases. The Keeping Ideal CVH (cardiovascular health) Family Intervention Trial (KIDFIT) will test whether preschool-age children, born to overweight/obese (OW/OB (mothers who did or did not experience a diet and lifestyle intervention to reduce GWG: 1) demonstrate more favorable adiposity (body fat %), body mass index percentiles (BMI%), diet quality (DASH diet score), physical activity, and other CVH metrics at baseline according to antenatal intervention status; and 2) respond to an early childhood intervention targeting diet and lifestyle behaviors with improvement in these same adiposity and CVH metrics. We hypothesize children randomized to the KIDFIT diet and lifestyle intervention group at age 3-5 years, regardless of initial maternal antenatal group assignment, will demonstrate more favorable adiposity changes assessed by anthropometry (body fat %/sum of skinfolds) and a lower cumulative incidence of obesity after the 12-month intervention, as compared with the control group. Additionally, after 12 months of the KIDFIT Intervention, children will have more favorable blood pressure and blood lipids, better diet quality (as measured by the DASH-style diet score), increased physical activity levels, and more optimal sleep duration, without adverse effects on height, compared to the control group
Summer vacation is a 3-month window of vulnerability for children from low-income households when health behaviors and academic learning decay. The goal of this project is to collect information on where low-income children go during summer, what they do when they get there, and how their behaviors (physical activity, sedentary, sleep, and diet) differ between the summer (unstructured days) and school year (structured days). This study is 1) significant because it will provide evidence on potential points of intervention that can reduce or reverse the excessive unhealthy weight gains that occur during summer and 2) innovative because it will be the first to identify changes in activity, sedentary, sleep, and dietary behaviors during prolonged and shorter periodic breaks from school and link these behaviors to changes in zBMI over time.
In this study, the investigators will evaluate the efficacy, safety and related mechanism of probiotics as a add-on treatment in improving the antipsychotic induced weight gain, the cognitive impairment, and psychotic syndrome in first episode schizophrenia patients. The study will recruit 40 first episode schizophrenia patients who meet the criteria of DSM-5, and then randomized to probiotics group or control group for a 8-weeks clinical trail. The specific aims are to compare probiotics group versus controls on: 1) clinical core symptoms; 2) cognition;3)metabolic related markers.
The investigators aim to ascertain how food reward signals and eating behaviour relates to the gut-brain pathway in weight-losing patients after curative surgery for oesophageal cancer, and how this pathway responds to clinical treatment for this unintentional weight loss. The primary outcomes are the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal on functional MRI (fMRI), and the breakpoint during the progressive ratio task (PRT - a measure of eating behaviour), how these differ in response to multiple clinical treatment options, as well as how they relate to weight gain while on treatment.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of repeated periods of modified fasting in support of healthy weight management and prevention of weight gain over the winter holiday period (mid-November to early January) in comparison to regular diet and activity.
Feeding is one of the most common problems encountered by preterm infants. Besides, effective and safe feeding is one of the important discharge criteria. Feeding problems of premature infants lead to prolonged hospitalization and increased healthcare cost. SINC feeding protocol was developed based on evidence-based feeding protocol (such as cue-based, infant-driven feeding) and individualized developmental care. The aim of the study is to determine the effect of the SINC feeding protocol on weight gain, transition to oral feeding and the length of hospitalization in premature infants according to traditional feeding method. Randomized controlled study, including 30 infants of 24-32+6 weeks gestation receiving either Standard Feeding or SINC Feeding Protocol.
Excessive gestational weight gain is a major public health problem. Traditional face-to-face intervention programs has been shown to be succesful in order to promote healthier weight gains, however, they are time-consuming and expensive. The objectives of this study are to assess whether a 6-month smartphone application can promote healthy gestational weight gain, dietary habits and physical activity in pregnant women.
This research study is a sub-study within the Behavioral Activation for Smoking Cessation and the Prevention of Post-Cessation Weight Gain main study (NCT02906787). Participants who are eligible for the main study and meet certain MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) related study criteria (i.e. conditions) may also elect to complete a series of computer tasks inside a standard, closed MRI scanner to examine changes in brain activity associated with the smoking cessation counseling that participants will receive in the main study. In total, participants will be asked to complete 2, one-hour fMRI scans: 1 before completing their first counseling session and 1 during the final 7 days of the scheduled 8-week nicotine patch treatment period.