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The following pilot study will be undertaken to determine the effects of use of a zero-sodium peritoneal dialysate solution (10% dextrose in sterile water) on sodium removal as compared to a standard peritoneal dialysis solution.
BACKGROUND: A cornerstone of treatment in preeclampsia is to correct the potential hypovolemia with intravascular optimisation, which is usually performed as a fluid challenge. The prediction of fluid responsiveness in these patients, secondary to anatomical and physiological changes associated with pregnancy has not been established. This study aims to evaluate if Passive Leg Raising (PLR) protocol can predict fluid responsiveness in pregnant patients with severe preeclampsia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: in 35 pregnant women diagnosed with preeclampsia with a clinical indication to optimise intravascular volume, . A PLR manoeuvre and a fluid challenge will be performed, and hemodynamic parameters were recorded using Bioreactance technology. Descriptive statistical analyses, Pearson chi-square test, and mean standard deviation (SD) will be calculated. Analysis of proportion was used to calculate probabilistic intersections of the interventions. The area under curve, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for a delta of 12. Objective: to evaluate the if passive leg rising protocol identifies fluid responsivness in pregnant patients with preeclampsia
This clinical research study is being conducted in multiple hospitals in Belgium and approximately 519 patients with acute decompensated heart failure are expected to participate. Large-scale research shows that 90% of the physicians treat volume overload with high doses of loop diuretics. However, there is not a lot of scientific data available regarding the optimal doses of these diuretic medications. In addition, it is observed that a lot of people, treated with these drugs, are being readmitted to the hospital due to a new episode of heart failure. The hypothesis of this study is that the volume overload could be better treated when patients receive a combination of different types of diuretics. Additionally, the total dose of the administrated diuretics might be lower this way.
Renal failure and resuscitation measures in critically ill patients can result in fluid overload. Fluid overload in renal failure patients can cause harmful effects like pulmonary edema, anasarca and congestive cardiac failure exacerbations among other complications. These have been associated with increased time on the ventilator, increased length of stay in the ICU, and higher overall mortality for patients requiring dialysis in the ICU. The current standard of care for adjusting fluid removal rates in patients on continuous renal replacement therapy relies on clinical judgement. Clinicians take into account factors like the patient's condition, vasopressor requirements, kidney function, total intake and outputs, vital signs, and physical examination findings when making daily changes to fluid removal rates on dialysis machines. Such assessment is highly subjective and can be imprecise/inaccurate leading to hypotension and hemodynamic instability in a critically ill patient. Use of conventional ultrasound by physicians to assess volume status using compressibility of the inferior vena cava has been shown to be a reliable predictor of volume status and can help guide therapy. Such use makes bedside volume assessment a non-invasive, rapid, repeatable point of care tool that can provide objective data to guide fluid removal determine velocity of fluid removal and help identify patients at risk of hypotension and hemodynamic instability during the process of fluid removal. Apart from rare possible local allergic reactions to ultrasound jelly and transient local discomfort, the disadvantages are minimal. Ultrasonography has been considered a safe imaging modality. This protocol will measure inferior vena cava compressibility using the General Electric VScan with Dual Probe, which has FDA approval for abdominal and vascular imaging in humans.
Background: Anesthesia in free flap surgery is challenging. Monitoring of hemodynamic changes and their influence on the cardiovascular system in permanent feedback loops allow control, which is what anesthesiologists aim for to ensure an adequate blood flow and tissue oxygenation. The circulatory support and inferable volume administration are managed via heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP), but both parameters are influenced by variable components and are thus unfavorable for volume management. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether volume requirement may be assumable to additional monitoring parameters. Methods: 31 patients were enrolled prospectively. HR, MAP, central venous pressure and O2 saturation were comprehended based on the protocols. We expanded the data set by a permanent blinded intraoperative monitoring with registration of the Cardiac Index (CI) and Stroke Volume Variation (SVV) and semi-invasive pulse-contour analysis utilizing the Pro-AQT-Device.
In patients with advanced volume overload, minimally invasive ultrafiltration treatment in the acute phase can have a positive effect on clinical outcome. The aim is to collect treatment data in the context of a prospective registry of the safety and performance of minimally invasive ultrafiltration. The data will be recorded via an electronic case report form (eCRF); the eCRF runs on a server located in Germany and complies with current data protection regulations. It is intended to include about 300-500 patients with advanced volume overload at a minimum of 10 sites. In addition, data on a disease management programme (in-body measurement and home monitoring) will be recorded in up to 40 of these patients. The treatment data from each patient will be recorded over 12 months. An interim analysis will be performed after 150 patients have been observed for 6 months. The knowledge about ultrafiltration in volume overload obtained from the registry, in some cases in combination with a disease management programme, is intended to improve the body of evidence. In addition, the data will be used for hypothesis generation.
Patients who are on mechanical ventilation in an intensive care unit often require diursis as part of their pre-extubation regimen. The drug of choice for diuresis has traditionally been furosemide. However, this drug cause hypernatremia (a rise in serum sodium) in a significant proportion of patients. Hypernatremia is traditionally treated by providing free water supplementation to the patient. This strategy creates a vicious and unproductive cycle of giving free water, and then diuresing it off. We propose a strategy for breaking this cycle by using a second diuretic-- metolazone-- which has a tendency to rid the body of more sodium, thereby minimizing hypernatremia.